Middle ages top 5 events

By Tristan Hicks

687 CE

Pepin of Herstal, A Merovingian ruler, unites the Frankish territories and builds the center of his kingdom in Belgium and other Rhine regions.

1.The Merovingian king Theuderic III tried to fire him from his post as major domo, but was beaten in Tertry in 687.

2.Pepin became the real leader of Austrasia and kept the other Frankish kingdoms under his control.

This is an important event because it marked the the beginning of the Middle Ages.


814 CE

Charlamagne dies without a competent successor. So his son Louis the Pious divides his power among his three sons. His sons imediateley wage civil war on each other.

Louis the Pious was an extremely religious king. He banished all women from the church, believing them to have tainted the lords name. Louis then brought in Benedict of Aniane as his chief counselor on religious matters. He then divided his kingdom among his sons: Louis the German,Lothair I,Charles the bald, and Pepin I of Aquitaine.


The problems caused by the division of 817 were further complicated by Louis's second marriage, to Judith, a noblewoman of Bavaria, and by the birth of a fourth son, Charles (later known as Charles the Bald). At the request of Judith, Louis was persuaded to redivide his empire in order to provide for his infant son. In 829 the reapportionment took place, and Charles, often favored by Louis, received a kingdom that comprised much of Germany. The other sons, particularly Lothair, angered by this decision, rose in revolt. Captured by his sons at Compi├Ęgne, Louis was forced to surrender the empire to Lothair. Because of disunity among his sons, Louis soon regained his crown, but a second revolt occurred in 832. The Pope joined forces with Lothair, and Louis was again obliged to submit to his eldest son.The problems caused by the division of 817 were further complicated by Louis's second marriage, to Judith, a noblewoman of Bavaria, and by the birth of a fourth son, Charles (later known as Charles the Bald). At the request of Judith, Louis was persuaded to redivide his empire in order to provide for his infant son. In 829 the reapportionment took place, and Charles, often favored by Louis, received a kingdom that comprised much of Germany. The other sons, particularly Lothair, angered by this decision, rose in revolt. Captured by his sons at Compi├Ęgne, Louis was forced to surrender the empire to Lothair. Because of disunity among his sons, Louis soon regained his crown, but a second revolt occurred in 832. The Pope joined forces with Lothair, and Louis was again obliged to submit to his eldest son.

This is an important event event because the greatest empire of the time was torn apart.


995 CE

John of XII becomes pope at the age of 18.His title as pope exemplifies the decline in value of the church. The majority of priests are illiterate and live a life of wine and concubines.

His original name was Octavian, but when he assumed the papal tiara as successor
to Agapetus II he adopted the apostolic name of John, the first example, it is
said, of the custom of altering the surname in connection with elevation to the
papal chair.

Even before Otto left Rome the pope had, however, repented of his recognition of
a power which threatened altogether to overshadow his authority, and had begun
to conspire against the new emperor. His intrigues were discovered by Otto, who,
after he had defeated and taken prisoner Berengar, returned to Rome and summoned
a council which deposed John, who was in hiding in the mountains of Campania,
and elected Pope Leo VIII in his stead. An
attempt at an insurrection was made by the inhabitants of Rome even before Otto
left the city, and on his departure John returned at the head of a formidable
company of friends and retainers, and caused Leo to seek safety in immediate
flight.

This is an important event because it was an age of where the church became tainted by morons.


1099 CE

Crusaders capture Jerusalem; Godfrey of Bouillion is elected king of Jerusalem.


Gregory VII had projected a war against the infidels, having also for its object reunion with the Greek Church.

The number of those who assumed the crusader's cross increased daily, and the movement, soon passing beyond papal restraint, seized upon the lower classes. The peasant exchanged his plow for arms and was joined by the dissatisfied, the oppressed, and the outcast; members of the lower clergy, runaway monks, women, children gave to this advance-guard of the crusading army the character of a mob, recognizing no leadership but that of God.

This is an important event because it was the greatest war of those who claimed the pagan littered worshippers to be infedels

1215 CE

Signing of Magna Carta; English barons force King John to agree to limit his power.

King John then personally killed all the barons who had him sign the Maga Carta.

Why the Magna Carta was famous and important to the history of England? The charter is considered to be the beginning of constitutional government in England. The Magna Carta demonstrated that the power of the king could be limited by a written grant.

This is important because it helped limit the power of power-hungry tyrants, and set up a proper government.


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