Marine Ecosystems

By: Tucker Gamble

Coral Reefs

The coral reef ecosystem usually grows in shallower waters, at least shallow enough for them to get sunlight.  They are also the most diverse ecosystem on the earth, housing thousands of marine life!

Hydrothermal Vent

A hydrothermal vent ecosystem is when geysers form on top of underwater volcanoes and spew out warmer water and/or air.

This shows the location of hydrothermal vents across the world.

A hydrothermal vent houses life that live in warmer waters and in deep seas.  It is like a hottub underwater!

Kelp Forest

A kelp forest ecosystem hosts many types of sea horses because they grab on to the kelp to keep low from predators.  The kelp forest is just like the name implies, a forest of kelp!  Making it the perfect residence for smaller marine life.  Kelp forests are usually found in shallower water so that the creatures still receive a moderate amount of sunlight.  

They can stretch from the bottom of the ocean floor all the way to the top.

Salt Marsh and Mudflat

The sat marsh and mudflat (probably not it's proper scientific term) ecosystem is home to more insects than fish.  Even though they are still considered marine life they don't look like it.


The antarctic ecosystem is freezing cold, the polar (pun intended) opposite of the hydrothermal vent discussed earlier.  It houses penguins and thick skinned seals and is usually found in the north and south poles.

Open Ocean

The open ocean ecosystem is just as it sounds, open ocean!

This ecosystem holds almost all marine life.  All of marine life can adapt to live in the ocean easier than other ecosystems.  It also makes up most of the surface of our planet, pretty big, right?

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