By Andrea Bent, Avian Dickson, Joshua Hess, and Hannah Kendrick
Who was he?
Spartacus was a deserter from the Roman army who was born in Thrace. He was captured and forced to go to gladiator school in the city of Capua, the city of marshes.
Where did this happen?
Capua, the city of marshes, Vesuvius, and eventually Nole, Nuceria, Thurii, and Metapontum.
What did he do?
Using kitchen utensils, Spartacus and the other gladiators rebelled and escaped the school before getting weapons from the school and raiding the area around Capua. After gaining more troops, they retreated to Mt. Vesuvius.
When was this?
This was called the Third Servile War and lasted from 73-71 BC, a three-year conflict during with Spartacus took on several armies and won.
Why did this happen?
No one is sure about the real goals of Spartacus or his subordinates, beyond keeping their freedom, though some think that they may have wanted to free other slaves. In any case their cause was widely supported, and soon their ranks grew to over 70,000 men.
What happened next?
When Rome heard of this they sent 30,000 men to take care of the problem. Spartacus defeated them. He also defeated another army under the command of Publius Varinius and seized their weapons. Spartacus then expanded his territory to include the towns of Nole, Nuceria, Thurii, and Metapontum.
The history then falls into confusion, agreeing that Spartacus defeats two more armies before the Romans finally put Marcus Licinius Crassus in charge of putting down the uprising. He did his job well and after several battles...
His body, and that of his officers were crucified and hung on the road leading into Rome.
Why was this shocking to the Roman people?
This was shocking because things had been fairly peaceful before this and they did not expect the slaves and gladiators to rebel. They especially did not expect the rebels to be able to hold off the Roman army for three years.
There were not many effects of this war, although some Romans were less harsh to their slaves, there were less slaves and more sharecroppers, and later on there were more rights for slaves written into a Constitution.
There, Barham, is your pizzazz. Enjoy.