Vocabulary Set 3

By Bryson Getz

Heterodox (adj.)
- Comes from the Greek roots "dokein" which means "to appear," "to seem," and "to think," and "doxa" which me and "opinion" and "judgment"
- Heterodox means to not be in agreement with accepted beliefs or holding unorthodox opinions
-Nicholas Copernicus' heliocentric model  was viewed as heterodox because it clashed with the views in that time period, that the Earth was at the center of the solar system.

Richard Dawkins, world renewed atheist, has many heterodox views which go against the primarily Christian beliefs of the southern U.S.

Prognosis (noun)
- Comes from the Greek root "gignoskein" which means "to know"
- A prognosis is a prediction ooh the outcome of a disease or any forecast or prediction.
- The prognosis for someone with rabies is not optimistic because when hydrophobia sets in, doctors know the patient will not survive the illness.

Doctors often tell their patients their prognosis based on their illness and the treatments available so they know the chances of survival.

Criterion (noun)
- Comes from the Greek root "krinein" which means "to separate," "to decide," and "to judge."
-A criterion is a standard, rule, or test on which a decision or judgment can be made.
- Although Bryson was neither very muscular nor masculine, he met the most important criterion for Victoria's decision on whom to date, being intelligent.

A decision matrix rates a design idea by each piece of criterion to be able to compare and choose the best the design.

Amnesty (noun)
- Comes from the Greek root "mnemonikos" which means "mindful"
-Amnesty is a general pardon for offenders, especially for political offenders
- The poet fell to his knees after he rose from his underground hiding place, grateful that the new king granted amnesty for all of the charges of death placed upon writers

President Obama granted amnesty for illegal immigration for certain illegal immigrants that benefit the country, not willing to deport them.

Frenetic (adj.)
- Comes from the Greek roots "phren" and "phenols" which mean "heart," "mind," and "midriff."
- Frenetic means to be frantic or frenzied.
- Bryson cleaned his room at a frenetic pace, rushing because he was worried that he would not be able to finish before his girlfriend dropped by for a visit and that she would see his messy room.

Squirrels are known as frenetic animals, as they busily rush to bury enough acorns to support them throughout the winter.

Rationale (noun)
-Comes from the Latin roots "ratio" which means "reason" and "reor," "reori," and "ratum," which mean "to calculate" and "to think."
- Rationale is the reasons underlying something, often presented as a statement and used with "for."
- Bryson's rationale for always keeping the lights in his room dimmed may seem silly, as he does it because dimming the lights makes it feel like a cave and Bryson likes to pretend he is Batman.

Juries must have a sound rationale for declaring someone guilty of a crime, as sending someone to jail without proper reason is unethical.

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