Protestant Reformation

Separating from the catholic church

By Jocelin R., and Madeline S.


essential question

In what ways did the Protestant reformation affect the Catholic Church?

The protestant reform was a religious reformation that happened in England around the 16th century. It happened because many were not satisfied with the Roman Catholic church. This led to the creation of the Protestant branch of Christianity.

sale of indulgences

As the catholic church spread, it was growing very wealthy. This was partially due to selling indulgences which was paying the church money for spiritual credit. Some people did not agree or think that this was right. To pay for forgiveness from the church and god.

Rise of Protestantism

Martin Luther was a German theologian who became the founder of protestantism. He did not agree with the sale of indulgences as he thought it was the church's corruption and that it was an affront to God. He believed that people could be saved by their own faith. Luther posted his Ninety-Five Theses on the castle church at Wittenberg. These pages challenged the practice of selling indulges and cause debate between people. 

Luther at Wittenburg

In 1521, Pope Leo X issued a decree condemning Luther as a heretic, and excommunicating him from the church. Luther burned the paper publicly. After being sentenced to death and escaping, Luther completed a German version of the bible and his ideas and reforms caused the development of Protestant churches. 

Effects of the reformatioN

  • Protestants thought that Ministers were normal, ordinary people and
    that they should wear ordinary robes.
  • Catholics believed that Priests and Popes could forgive sins, with a
    price. indulgences (gifts) were given to the church.
  • Protestants thought only God could forgive sins
  • Protestants thought that churches shouldn't be fancy decorated so
    people could focus on the sermons.
  • The Protestant Reformation split Christians and reshaped political
    and religious values in Europe.
  • The reformation stimulated reforms in the catholic church
  • Europe was divided between the catholic countries of the south and the protestant churches of the north.
  • Protestant denominations developed.
  • State churches were established.
  • Lutherans tended to be more conservative and supported a strong central government.
  • Calvinists areas tended to support democracy.


The Counter- Reformation was a response to the protestant reformation. It started with the Council of Trent and ended at the Thirty Years War.


What were the major differences between the three religions and how did this create conflict?



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  3. "Martin Luther." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
  4. Gillis, Chester. "Roman Catholic Church." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
  5. Alchin, Linda. "Protestant Reformation." Protestant Reformation. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
  6. "Photos of Bed Bug Bites." Council of Trent -. Veljkov Sobel, n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

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