Argentina Politics & Wars By: Ben Magnan
Argentina's government is very similar to ours. We both have a president and our three branches of the government are Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. Argentina's current president is Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner.
As of 1913, Argentina has operated as a representative democracy but since the 1930’s, the illegal seizures of the country's government have disrupted the democracy. Jorge Rafael Videla’s dictatorship was a result of this and he took power in 1976 but fell in 1982 and ended in 1983 after their defeat in the Falklands War.
The National Defense System for Argentina contains the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force, just like us. Their defense has been recognized as one of the best equipped in history. Many weapons have origins to Argentina's N.D.S. Some weapons include the Bersa Thunder 9; a semi-automatic pistol, the FARA 83; an assault rifle, and a FN MAG; a machine gun. These weapons and more have been used by the N.D.S. for Argentina for a while. Some vehicles have also come from Argentina and has been used in some of their wars, like the VCTM, a tank used in the Falklands War.
The Falklands War was between Argentina and the United Kingdom over British territories in the South Atlantic, the Falkland Islands and the South Georgia and the South Sandwich islands in order to establish the ownership it had claimed over them. In the end, the British won against Argentina but because of this war, Argentina avoided a possible war with Chile.
The “Dirty War” was a period in time in the mid-70’s where terrorism took over Argentina in Guerrilla warfare. Military and Security forces teamed up with right-wing death squads to create the Argentine Anticommunist Alliance or the Triple A. They hunted down and killed left-wing guerrillas, political wing activists, militants, and their support network in the Montoneros. During this time, there was a lot of forced disappearances which are when a political organization abducts civilians.