Fad Diets/Diets/Eating Disorders

People that have eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa have an irrational fear of gaining weight. Do you think you would be able to see the signs of anorexia in someone?

Before we start take a look at this statement. Media can influence you in many ways. How can the media affect the way you feel about your body? Write your ideas down. Try to give both positive and negative examples.

Hopefully by the end of this lesson you will learn more about eating disorders, proper diets, and fad diets.

Eating Disorders

Let's first start by understanding what an eating disorder is. By definition, they are "extreme, harmful eating behaviors that can cause serious illness or even death." Given the pressure to maintain the "cultural" ideal of the perfect body, we are shown thin models as well as actresses and many of us think that is what we all should shrive to be.

Anorexia nervous, bulimia nervous, binge eating, and disordered eating are frequently found in high school and college students.

Specific Eating Disorders

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder in which a fear of weight gain leads people to starve themselves. This disorder mainly affects girls and young women. People with anorexia often develop obsessive behaviors related to food, such as:

Avoiding food and meals.
Eating only a few kinds of food in small amounts.
Weighing or counting the calories in everything they eat.
Exercising excessively.
Weighing themselves repeatedly.

Anorexia can cause many health problems including, lightheaded, insomnia, hair loss, fatigue, heart or kidney failure, infertility, and even death.

Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder that involves cycles of overeating and purging, or attempts to rid the body of food. People with bulimia may eat a huge amount of food at once. This is known as binging.  During the bing they may feel out of control, often gulping down food too fast to taste it. Then they force the food out of their bodies by vomiting or using laxatives. This is also known as purging.

People with bulimia are usually in the normal weight range for their age and height. However, like people with anorexia,they fear weight gain and are unhappy with their bodies. People with this disorder may suffer from dehydration and sore throats. Their teeth may become damaged by stomach acid from purging. They may also damage their stomachs,intestines, or kidneys. In severe cases, purging can lead to irregular heartbeat, heart failure, and death.

Binge eating disorder, is the newest term for what is also known as, compulsive overeating. This is the most common eating disorder, affecting 3.5% of women and 2% in males. People with this disorder regularly eat large amounts of food in a short period of time. During a binge, the person may feel guilty but powerless to stop the behavior. Binge eating disorder is more common in males than other eating disorders. Unlike people with bulimia, those with binge eating disorder do not purge. They are likely to become over weight or obese. As a result, they risk developing high blood pressure,type 2 diabetes, and heart disease.

Where can I get help?

People with eating disorders need help to overcome them. Help may involve counseling or a doctor’s care. Care usually involves more than one doctor. It can involve a nutritionists, psychologists, physicians, family, and friends.

To treat anorexia, the first step is to get the patient’s body weight back up to a healthy level. After that, the patient will receive counseling and therapy. The support of family and friends is important to the recovery process.

The key to treating bulimia nervosa is to break the cycle of binging and purging. Behavioral therapy can help with this goal. After that, psychotherapy can address the emotional problems that led to the eating disorder. Similar treatments are used for binge eating disorder.

Fad Diets

Let's first understand what a "diet" is, because it isn't all bad. Diet, is known as the about of food consumed. Our diet habits are decisions we make when choose the foods to eat. Sometimes the word "diet" can get a bad rap, but all and all it is just what we are eating. We have to be smart when it comes to our diets. We need to make sure we are getting the proper vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.  We sometimes have to change our diets due to medical reasons, religious reasons, as well as personal reasons.

Some diets include vegetarian, vegan, and kosher/halal.

Fad diets are weight-loss plans that tend to be popular for only a short time. Fad diets typically promise quick, easy weight loss. Some fad diets may restrict the types and amounts of food that you eat. Other fad diets use pills or supplements that seem to offer an easy solution to weight loss. Research has shown that fad diets can pose serious health risks.

Some diets include gluten-free, paleo, raw food, south beach, atkins, juice, etc.

Teens who think they need to lose weight should talk to their doctor before starting any diet plan. Very low calorie diets can be dangerous for teens because their bodies are still growing. Diet pills and supplements can also be harmful or addictive. Teens who want to maintain a healthy weight should use MyPlate as a guide.

Any plan that does not follow the MyPlate guidelines may be a fad diet. Plans that promise ultra-fast weight loss (more than two pounds a week) are likely to be unsafe.Watch out for words like effortless, guaranteed, and miraculous. Diets that require you to buy certain products rather than choose healthful foods may be fad diets. Finally, be skeptical about claims that seem too good to be true.