Journal Entry #1



Hello my name is Sam Wells, I am from Chicago, Illinois. I am a corporal in the Union army. I am fighting for the Union because Chicago is in the north and I am against slavery in every way possible. I believe that slavery is cruel and that it should be demolished. I have four little brothers and no sisters. All of my four brothers are serving in the Union army as well. Life at home was peaceful. I had a lot of fun with my brothers at home, but we always did everything we could to help our mom and dad.

Journal Entry #2

Reb: Howdy possum

  • You look whipped

Reb: I been hard knocked by those graybacks

  • I’m also played out.

Reb: I ran out of hornets and had to use my bayonet, that skunk wouldn’t let us retreat

  • You’ve been through a mill!

Reb: We took a jailbird though

  • Hunkey Dorey! Thats first rail

Reb: I was just toeing the mark

  • Soon you will look fit as a fiddle

Reb: Yea I hope so

Journal Entry #3

Life at camp was very interesting. Our camp was in Gettysburg. When we got to the camp everyone put up their tents. Every morning we make fires, polish our shoes, and clean our uniforms and guns. There are also soldiers who guard the camp. Punishments at camp are very severe. Soldiers sometimes have to wear a barrel if they disobey orders. Life at camp is not very fun.

Photo Prompt: Color

This kepi is an example of what I would see at camp

Photo Prompt: Morning

This is a picture of what I would see in the morning #NotaMorningPerson

Journal Entry #4

How do Jeremiah and the Union troops, some of whom are African-American, react to slaves they meet?:      When Jeremiah meets slaves he puts hope in them and they let them know that they are fighting for them and that they will get freed.

How do the hungry troops treat Southern farms?:       Hungry troops would ask for the  food and if they did not give food, then the solders would take it.

Will Jeremiah ever know what happened to his brother?:      Jeremiah will probably not know what happened to his brother because he will probably never meet him again.

Journal Entry #5

Im sittin here eatin’ my goobers,

eatin my goobers my goobers, ya my goobers

Sittin here eatin’ my goobers

eatin’ my goobers all day

I love my goobers

oh my goobers

Eatin my goobers all day

Im sittin here eatin’ my goobers

Eatin my goobers, ya my goobers

Sittin here eatin’ my goobers

Eatin’ my goobers all day

I take my goobers everywhere

The battlefield, even the bathroom

They save me once they’ll save me twice

I love my goobers yeah.

Journal Entry #6

Camp is very boring, but we have many ways of making it more fun. We sang battle hymns, played baseball, and bet on lice. There were many fights and many soldiers got hurt and injured. Baseball was easily the best pastime, our team was great and we won all of our games. The food at camp was awful though, we had hardtack with worms in it, pickled meat, and moldy cornbread.

Hardtack recipe:

  • 2 cups flour
  • ½ to ¾ cup water
  • Salt (5-6 pinches)
  • Mixing bowl
  • Rolling pin
  • Cookie Sheet
  • Fork
  • 1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.
  • 2. Add all dry ingredients into the mixing bowl, and then add wet ingredients. Mix all ingredients together. Use extra flour if necessary to make sure the dough is no longer sticky. However, be careful not to make the dough too dry. If you add too much flour, add slightly more water.
  • 3. Knead the dough until it is easy to work with.
  • 4. Spread the dough onto the ungreased cookie sheet.
  • 5. Use the rolling pin to roll the dough into a rectangular shape. Hardtack was around a half inch thick, so don’t worry about making the dough thin.
  • 6. Bake the dough for 30 minutes.
  • 7. Take the dough out of the oven and cut it into large squares (around 3 inches by 3 inches). Use a fork to poke 16 to 20 holes into each square.
  • 8. Flip the squares and return to the oven for 30 more minutes.
  • 9. Allow the hardtack to completely cool inside the oven. Be careful when biting into a cracker, as they do get very hard when completely cool.

Photo Prompt: Battle

This is a picture of a soldier charging into battle, this is what I would see on the battle  field.

Journal Entry #7

Illnesses were lethal in the war. Hospitals would be filled in hours and there would still be hundreds of wounded men. There were so many men and bodies that there was no room to step. Some soldiers would come in extremely sick and would have to fed then would be bathed to wash of weeks worth of dirt and mud. The dirtiest water to the nurses would be crystal clean to the soldiers. Four out of five men died of illness. Soldiers who came into the hospital with bullet wounds would have the injured part of their body sawed off. Surgeons often had piles of limbs outside of their tents and would have blood all over their aprons and tools. Surgeons worked right out in the open, sawing like machines then repeating the process over and over again. Soldiers in line got to watch what would happen to them as they waited to be treated. Overall death in  the civil wwar was a horrible thing.

Photo Prompt: Fun

For fun, soldiers often played cards.

Journal Entry #8

Dear Mother,

                 You can't imagine how horrible it is here. I wish to come home. This things that I see here are incomprehensible. I see arms and legs that have been sawed off every day, blood is plentiful, and death is common. If I do not come home I swear I will go crazy. After the next battle I will desert and run home, if I am not killed. I will come home to you and will never think about war ever again.

                                                                                                        Your loving son,

                                                                                                                                     Sam

Photo Prompt: Home

This shows how happy people are when the are reunited with their families.

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