S.S. Common Exam Review
Democracy- Any form of government in which political power is exercised by all citizens, either directly or through their elected representatives.
Direct- All citizens participate in government. example: Switzerland
Representative- Like direct democracy, all citizens participate in government. Ex: USA
Autocracy- A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor, etc.
Monarch- Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses… sometimes by other names, but always MONARCHS! Example: England
Absolute Monarch- monarchical form of government in which themonarch has absolute power among his or her people. Example: Saudi Arab
Constitutional Monarch- form of government in which a king or queen acts as Head of State. Example: Belgium
Dictatorship- taken by power. Example: Germany
Theocracy- ruled by God or higher power. Example: Greece
Oligarchy- ruled by few. Example: India
Anarchy- No government at ALL!! Example: Somalia
Communism- Communism is a political and economic system in which the major productive resources in a society—such as mines, factories, and farms—are owned by the public or the state, and wealth is divided among citizens equally or according to individual need. Example: Vietnam