The Magna Carta is a charter of liberties to which the english barons forced king John to give his assent in June 1215.
Part 1: freedom of religion to them and those that come after them.
part 2: Punishment has to have a crime behind it.
Part 3: Right to fair and speedy trial
Part 4: merchants have same right as people
Part 5: people may leave and enter the country as pleased
Part 6: Nobody is above the law
Part 7: All of these promises shall be placed in good faith and shall not be broken.