The Hudson Bay and Arctic Lowlands are the largest wetland of Canada, located between the Canadian shield and the southern shores of Hudson Bay and James Bay. Stretching 1300 kilometers from west to east, it is one of the few extensive plains in Canada. It reaches an average height of only 120 meters above sea level. This TACKK is to promote a business ( a shop ) that sells equipment for recreational activities such as fishing, hunting, boating, snowshoeing, snowmobiling, and much more.
Throughout the year, the temperature in the Hudson Bay lowlands seem to be colder near the coast and warmer inland. In Hudson Bay Lowlands, the average temperature in January is around -24 degrees Celsius, and in July, it is 14 degrees Celsius. The average precipitation is about 600mm per year. It is lowest in the north. In the Arctic Lowlands, summers are often warm. The temperature is usually -10 to 10 degrees Celsius throughout the Summer. Winters can be mild and extremely cold ( -40 to 0 degrees Celsius ).
The land of Hudson Bay Lowlands is made up of mostly muskeg or peat-forming wetlands. This land has more of water than land. Water lies almost everywhere, almost 50 % of this region’s surface is covered by water. The Arctic Lowlands has upland areas and it is made of a series of islands. The lakes and rivers are usually ice free between July to August in the North, and June to October in the south. It is ice covered for the rest of the year.
VEGETATION & SOIL
Soil in the Hudson Bay and Arctic Lowlands are very moist and poorly drained. The soil can contain lots of marine and glacial sediments that can make a brown, soil-like material called a peat. The fluctuating temperatures, creates polygonal patterns in the landscape. Soil in the Arctic Lowlands is usually frozen and is unable to absorb water.
The Hudson Bay and Arctic Lowlands are a transition area between the Boreal forest to the south and tundra to the north. It has a large diversity of animals and plants. Patches of forest occur where the land is elevated. There are more dense forests inland. In eastern parts it is very barren and there are barely any trees ( mix of forests and tundra). Most plants in the Arctic Lowlands are low growing shrubs and weeds. There are no trees due to the harsh climate.
GEOLOGY / ROCK TYPE
The Arctic and Hudson Bay Lowlands consists of many types of rocks and minerals such as Sedimentary, Volcanic, Metamorphic, Intrusive, and Igneous rocks. 40% of the Hudson Bay and Arctic Lowland is made up of sedimentary basin in the center, and the bedrock is masked by a mantle of glacial and marine sediments.
MAP OF HUDSON BAY AND ARCTIC LOWLANDS
In the Arctic Lowlands some activities that people generally likes doing are sight seeing polar bears or whales, skiing, rock climbing, or seeing the Aurora Borealis. In the Hudson Bay Lowlands, some recreational activities by the inhabitants of this area include boating, hunting, canoeing, kayaking. For much of the year, the region consists of ice and snow. Many people who live there like to go snowmobiling, cross country skiing, ice fishing or snowshoeing, as recreational activities. My business will have a variety of equipment needed for these activities.
INFLUENCE OF CLIMATE CHANGE
Local temperatures have risen up since the last two decades. At rates that are extremely high even for the Arctic. It has changed the mix of freshwater organisms that anchor local food chains in a way never before seen over centuries of historical record.
RISK OF NATURAL DISASTER
Spring floods can have a regular occurrence due to the ice jams, poorly drained soils, and plentiful precipitation combined together. But, the floods are beneficial. It provides moisture for the development of lush vegetation. Climate change could cause an increased risk of forest fires in the Boreal forest. This will lead to increased evacuations for communities which are bordered by the forest. Climate change can also be considered a natural disaster as the ice surface of the Bay has provided stability and maintenance of this subarctic ecosystem in the past. This is now changing. Shorter winters and less ice covering. Shorter winter and less ice cover, warmer temperatures causing more evaporation and lower levels of water, is having negative effects on marine life and land flora and fauna.
HOW FLOODS ARE FORMED