Causes of World War I
The four main causes of World War I are Militarism, Alliances, Imperialsim, amd Nationalism. Militarism threatened other nations and sparked conflict, for the growing movement and mobility of an army frightened surrounding armies into mobilizing as well, and form alliances. Imperialism affected the participation of countries in the war, for the country with power could force the citizens of the imperialized country to aid them.
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand is what is said to be the spark to start the first World War. The Archduke was visiting Sarajevo with his wife on their anniversary, which also happened to be a sacred day of defeat for Serbians. A terrorist group within Serbia known as the Black Hand orchestrated the Archduke to be killed. Austria-Hungary later declared war on Serbia, and World War I officially began.
The Schlieffen Plan was orchestrated by Germany, whom was worried of being the "Central Power". They did not feel comfortable with being in between Russia and France, so they decided to attack France by going through neutral Belgium and then deal with Russia later. However, France was able to defend their territory and keep Germany away, whilst Russia quickly mobilized their troops and were ready to battle Germany. The fact that Germany went through neutral Belgium angered Great Britain, which sparked issues between the two countries.
Battle of the Marne River
The Battle of the Marne was the first official battle of WWI. This battle resulted in an Allied victory, France defeating Germany's first attack of the Schlieffen Plan. This was a surprise, for France was able to quickly react to Germany;s invasion and actually keep their ground and fight off the Germans.
Battle of the Somme
The Battle of the Somme was an Allied victory between Britain and France against Germany. This battle took place soon after the Battle of the Marne. The Battle of the Somme was aided by Great Britain, for they were ready for war against Germany after they went through Belgium.
Battle of Verdun
The Battle of Verdun took place for almost an entire year. This battle was fought between France and Germany on the Western Front. Nearly one million casualties were left at the end of this long battle.
Modern warfare changed the way wars were fought starting in WWI. Tanks, poisonous gas, submarines, and machine guns were all ways of new weaponry which could be used to greatly impact the way battles were fought and concluded. Countries who had not industrialized (such as Russia) were at a great disadvantage to the other nations who were extremely advanced in technology. These nations had the assets and the new weapons to defeat other countries in several battles during World War I.
Trench warfare was a new strategy that was used frequently in WWI. This stalemate of waiting for the enemy to move or do something was both dangerous and unsanitary. Both parties were afraid to be caught outside of the trench, and therefore they both defecated in the trench with their piers, which provoked diseases. Staying in the trench made it also easier for other soldiers to drop grenades or poisonous gas in the trench.
Treaty of Brest-Litvosk
The Treaty of Brest-Litvosk was a peace treaty between Russia and the Central Powers. This allowed Russia to exit the war peacefully so they could focus on their casualties. A Russian Revolution was brought up during the war, and along with fighting other nations, Russian civilians were fighting themselves. This treaty allowed them to work out their separate issues and leave World War I.
A total war is one that has resorted to allow any civilian to help and part-take in the war. This meant rationing, and women stepping up to the jobs meant for men, in order to keep the country going. The idea of total war accepted the fact that civilian lives could be taken in order to win.
Propaganda was used in World War I in order to get civilians to help the country by doing anything to win the war. Propaganda was used to persuade men to join the army and persuade women to work hard and ration food for soldiers. This was an inclusive factor of having a total war, messaging every single citizen mattered in winning the war.
Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles is the treaty that Germany signed, ending the war. Woodrow Wilson wanted the Treaty to make imperialized countries independent, and have all nations have a fresh start. France, however, wanted Germany to pay, and therefore Germany did.