Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness
Revolutionary War: A war fought by the Patriots and the British, declaring America's independence from England. Began at the Battle of Lexington in 1775 lasting through the Battle of Yorktown 1781.
George Washington: First President of the United States of America, he was a Founding Father and Commander of the Continental Army
King George III: King of Britain during the Revolutionary War.
The Constitution: A list of the laws by which our country is run, and is still run today.
The Tea Act: An Act that said that all tea would be taxed, one of the many sparks that lit the flame for the American Revolution.
Boston Massacre: 5 innocent civilians were killed in Boston Massachusetts by British Soldiers, another spark to the Revolutionary War.
Declaration of Independence: A document approved by the Continental Congress declaring independence from England.
Bill of Rights: A bill created and approved by our Founding Fathers.
Valley Forge: The Continental Army spent the winter in Valley Forge, 2500 soldiers were killed by the end of the winter from starvation, disease and freezing temperatures.
Patriots: People who supported the U.S and believed that America should be separate from England
The Stamp Act - 1756: An act passed that said all paper would be taxed. (Newspaper, letters, books)
The Boston Massacre - 1770: Was a patriot mob, involved stick, stone and snowball throwing. 5 innocent civilians were killed by British soldiers.
The Tea Act - 1773: Taxes were made on tea, the Sons of Liberty protested these taxes by dressing as Native Americans and dumping boxes of tea of the ship from Britain which carried it.
The Battle at Trenton - 1776: Christmas night Washington and his troops crossed the Delaware River, the Patriots were victorious.
Valley Forge - 1778: The Continental Army spent the winter in Valley Forge, 2500 men died from starvation, disease, and the freezing temperatures.
The Treaty of Paris- 1783: A treaty that was signed that ended the Revolutionary War.
Constitutional Convention - 1787: Fifty-five delegates met in Philadelphia to discuss the United States new government.
The Constitution - 1787: A document made so that the United States government would have a rules and regulations that they have to work by.
Bill of Rights - 1789: 39 amendments were introduced by James Madison at the Continental Congress that would become the Bill of Rights.
George Washington was born February 22, 1732 in Virginia. He was born to a wealthy planter family, his father owned many slaves that worked on the plantation. Washington inherited these slaves, he owned many slaves in his life time, although he believed that slaves should be free. He married Martha Washington who had two children from a previous marriage (Martha and John) George Washington believed that as a stepfather he had to be caring and attentive. Before he became President he was Commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. He led his army to two major victories of the war, the Battle of Saratoga and Yorktown where they captured the British. After the war he was elected president by a unanimous vote from the electors. He had a lot of responsibility as the first President of the United States and knew that he had to be a role model for future presidents. He won the favor of the citizens of the U.S and kept order. He was asked to be president a third term in office but refused to stay in office, because he wanted a quiet rest of his life with his family, and also showed that presidents should only run two terms. George Washington is most famous for his presidency he was an amazing leader and set a precedent for future presidents with his Farewell Address. In his Farewell Address he told the country to stay neutral and to not form political parties. He died at Mount Vernon from a throat infection. Without George Washington our country would not be the same country it is today.
Boston Tea Party
No more tea for the Patriots! The night of December 16, 1773, The Sons of Liberty protested against the Tea Act. The British have made taxes on tea to pay for the money they lost in the previous war. "No taxation without representation" is the Sons of Liberty's reason for dumping the tea. The Sons of Liberty believed that the British Parliament was unfairly taxing them and did not run it through with the United States representatives. Dressed as Mohawk Indians several men attacked a ship from the East India Trading Company. The ship was carrying 342 chests of tea all of which was dumped into the Boston Harbor, and destroyed. At least 160 people participated in the Tea Party, many of them kept their names anonymous for fear of being punished.
Nathan Hale was a soldier of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War and is considered to be a hero. He went to Yale College with his brother, Enoch Hale. He studied astronomy, mathematics, literature and he debated in the ethics of slavery. After college he pursued the career of a teacher, he teached in New London and East Haddman. When the Revolutionary War began he joined the Connecticut militia and became first lieutenant. In their first battle, the Siege of Boston, Hale stayed behind. During the Battle at Long Island their mission was to capture New York and Nathan Hale's job was to spy. He and a few others went behind enemy lines to report the Birtish's movement, this was punishable by death. They were captured by the British and were to be hanged. Hale is famous for his last dying words which were "I only regret that I have but one life to live for my country"
All American Apple Pie
- For the Crust:
- 3 1/4 cups all-purpose flour
- 1 1/2 teaspoon salt
- 1 cup shortening
- 1 cup water For the Pie Filling:
- 10 cups (about 7) Granny Smith apples, peeled, cored and sliced
- 1 cup light brown sugar
- 1/2 cup granulated sugar
- 4 tablespoons all-purpose flour
- 2 teaspoons ground cinnamon For the Topping:
- 1 tablespoon butter, melted
- 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
- 1 tablespoon granulated sugar
- For the Pie Crust:
- Preheat oven to 375 degrees.
- To a large mixing bowl add the flour, salt and shortening.
- Cut the shortening into the flour until the mixture has a crumb texture.
- Add the water and stir until combined with the flour mixture.
- Divide the dough with one portion slightly larger than the other.
- On a lightly floured surface, roll the larger portion into a round piece to fit the pie plate and slightly hang over the side.
- Place pie dough into the bottom of a 9-inch pie plate.
- Add apple mixture.
- Roll the section portion large enough to hang over the top of the apples and pie plate.
- Cut any extra off, fold the top dough over the bottom dough and tuck under.
- Crimp with fingers.
- Apply butter with pastry brush, sprinkle with cinnamon and sugar. Cut air vents.
If desired cover the outside crust with foil and bake 25 minutes.
By the Numbers
1. The Stamp Act and The Tea Act are some of the main reason for starting the Revolutionary War.
2. At the Continental Congress the Founding Fathers met for the first time
3. Minutemen pledged to "fight at moments notice" during the Revolutionary War.
4. The first battle of the Revolutionary War was at Lexington where the British killed 8 colonists.
5. The colonist were nearly defeated until the Battle at Trenton where George Washington led his army to victory.
6. The winter at Valley Forge killed 2,500 soldiers from disease, starvation and freezing temperatures.
7. In 1783 the war ended when the Treaty of Paris was signed.
8. Shay's Rebellion was a group of farmers led by Daniel Shay who protested against the new government.
9. The Constitution was written by Jacob Shallus.
10. Robert Livingson was in the committee that wrote the Declaration and he refused to sign it because he believed that it was to early for a Declaration of Independence.
Map of America:
The Boston Massacre
The Boston Massacre otherwise known as 'the Incident on Kings Street' was an incident that would later turn into a Revolution. Soldiers stood in the street to protect crown-appointed official enforcing unpopular laws. Assuming that mobs would begin and rioting, British soldiers were armed on King Street. A mob of colonists began and rioting started. Colonists threw snowballs, sticks and rocks and yelled insults. As the mob got bigger and dangerous shots were fired into the crowd by the British Soldiers. These shots instantly killed 3 innocent american men. 5 people eventually died from this incident, the other two died later from wounds caused by the fighting. 4 civilians were arrested and accused of murder, and the 8 British Soldiers were sent to Castle Islands. 2 of the soldiers were accused of manslaughter and were punished with branding on their hand. Some other soldiers received reduced sentences for manslaughter. This tragic incident killed 5 people and many were wounded from the violence of the crowd.