Do you enjoy being outdoors and visiting breathtaking sights? Well, if that’s you, you must be in the right place! The Western Cordillera region is your best bet, and touring the region through CycleTrekk will do full justice. CycleTrekk is a unique bike expedition that will take you through a complete tour of the Canadian Rockies. It includes the 5 major national parks: Banff, Jasper, Glacier, Yoho and Kootenay. Who knew that one day you would get to tour the world’s most famous Canadian Rockies, and better yet, do it by bike! Our goal is to provide tourists with the best possible experience and in order to succeed at that, our first step is to keep our tourists informed! This promotional flyer will give you insight on the physical features, human activities, influences of climate change and risks of natural disaster in the region. You might be wondering why the Western Cordillera was chosen as the ideal destination for this tour. Keep reading to find out!


The climate of the Western Cordillera region varies quite a bit, but is generally mild, wet and rarely has snow that stays. Cooler summers and warmer winters are the norm and the reason for this is the four main factors that are affecting climate- nearness to water, ocean currents, elevation and relief. This region lies along the extreme west coast of Canada, bordering the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific Ocean has a warm ocean current flowing, which results in warmer air lessening the intensity of the cold in the winter, and a fairly cool breeze in the summer. This happens because the water is warmed up during the summer and releases the warmth in the winter. While losing its warmth, it gets colder and eventually makes summer cool by cooling off the air above it. We also know that the west coast (primarily British Columbia and certain parts of Alberta) are famous for its young mountain ranges. This means that there are lots of ups and downs in this region and elevation is playing a huge role in determining the climate. The higher you go on the mountain it gets colder, and usually in British Columbia, it snows mostly on the mountain peaks. That is also the reason why it tends to get very rainy on one side of the mountain, and is fairly dry on the other side, due to relief. Overall, during the tour, weather should not be a problem at all!

Natural Landscape & Geology

The Western Cordillera has immense beauty and the natural landscape is simply breathtaking. It is known as the “youngest mountain region of Canada” and the landscape of this region consists of 3 main divisions: the coastal mountains, interior plateaus and eastern mountain range. The coastal mountains and interior plateaus are made up of igneous and metamorphic rocks, while the eastern mountain range is primarily made up of sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Rapid erosion is the reason the interior plateaus were formed and which is where the major cities are located (Vancouver, Victoria, etc.). As a whole, the natural landscape was all caused by the North American and Pacific Plates colliding, which caused folding, faulting and volcanic activity. Occasionally, you will spot patches of forests in the lower areas, however, the majority of the region is full of rugged, tall mountains. This tour will take you through the Canadian Rockies which is situated in the Eastern Mountain Range.

Vegetation & Soil

Considering that the Western Cordillera is the most diverse region among the others, the vegetation varies greatly. There is a wide range of temperature, rainfall, soil structure, and elevation in different parts of the region. Due to the irregularity and inconsistency of this area, vegetation can range all the way from large coniferous forests all the way to sparse cacti in dry places. Not much is grown there because of the lack of flat land and some other aspects such as occasional cold and rain. The Western Cordillera is a very wet region. Relief rains and the nearby ocean both probably combine to create a much leached soil profile, with not much natural humus in it. The northern part of the region is covered in permafrost as it is extremely cold. Some of the wooded areas in B.C. might have a lot of humus from decaying organic matter. The extreme wetness and cold result in permafrost in the north and leached soil with less top soil in the south. Butchart Gardens in Victoria is an exceptional place to view natural vegetation at its best.

This is a map of Canada outlining the various landform regions. The Western Cordillera has been coded yellow and is on the extreme left. As you can see, it stretches all the way from the southern part of British Columbia all the way up north to Yukon, slightly protruding into Alberta and the Northwest Territories.  

This is a map showcasing some tourist attractions along the Canadian Rockies, which lie directly between the provinces British Columbia and Alberta.

Human Activities

In terms of human activities, biking is not the only thing that you can do! Though this tour mainly encompasses a unique biking adventure like no other, activities such as hiking, camping, fishing, whale watching, ziplining and skiing are also things that can be enjoyed in the Western Cordillera. Due to the climate being quite steady all through the year and the landscape being mountainous, it allows for many more recreational activities, perhaps more than any other landform region of Canada! Be it underwater adventures or mountain peak gondola rides, the Western Cordillera has it all!

Influence of climate change

Especially in this era, the spotlight is on climate change and its effects on us and the Earth we live on. It is important to consider how this will impact the Western Cordillera over the years. Just as other regions, the Western Cordillera is warming up at a quite alarming rate. Precipitation levels are projected to increase by 20 percent, which will result in more floods and, potentially, even landslides. A major issue that is affecting the region at the present is the mountain pine beetles destroying the pine forests in British Columbia due to warmer winters. Other issues include declining snow packs at low or mid elevations, and winter temperatures warming faster than summer temperatures. Though we know that this is obviously negative, on the bright side, it would make this tour more accessible all throughout the year, instead of being restricted to only summer months.

Risk of natural disaster

Natural disasters that are prone to this area include mainly earthquakes, forest fires, and landslides. There is a massive fault line that lies along the western coast of the Western Cordillera, which is an area very receptive to plate tectonic movements. Earthquakes are frequent occurrences, and due to the proximity of large bodies of water (e.g. Pacific Ocean), it creates tsunamis as well. Due to that, landslides pose as a threat because intense movement of the ground can affect people, animals, or vegetation on top of mountains. In addition, forest fires are a concern because the warm, dry climates during the summer trigger these catastrophes, harming both living creatures and the environment.

This is a Canadian map that outlines earthquake incidents in the past 30 days. As shown, they mostly occur in the Western Cordillera region.


Considering all the factors, I am sure you can agree that this region is ideal for the CycleTrekk tour. Although there may be certain drawbacks such as climate change effects and natural disasters, in the bigger picture, this region is comprised of true natural beauty, and missing out on it would be a huge regret! Come join us with CycleTrekk!

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