Liver Cancer
By: Allie Williams

ABOUT LIVER CANCER

Liver cancer is the growth and spread of unhealthy cells in the liver. Cancer that starts in the liver is called primary liver cancer. Cancer that spreads to the liver from another organ is called metastatic liver cancer.

Symptoms

The symptoms of Liver Cancer are Loss of appetite, bloating, Pain on the right side of the upper abdomen or back or shoulder, nausea, weakness, fever, Weight loss, Feeling of fullness.

Possible Causes

Liver cancer occurs when liver cells develop changes (mutations) in their DNA — the material that provides instructions for every chemical process in your body. DNA mutations cause changes in these instructions. One result is that cells may begin to grow out of control and eventually form a tumor — a mass of cancerous cells.

Stages of Liver Cancer

The numbered staging system for primary liver cancer has 4 mainstages Stage 4 is divided into 2 further groups stage 4 A and stage 4 B. Stage 4A means the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes. Stage 4B means that the cancer has spread to other organs in the body, such as the lungs or bones.

Cancer Growth

Treatments

Surgery: The cancer cells or tumor will be removed surgically.

Radiation Therapy: Use a type of light that you can't see with your eyes to go through your skin and "laser" the cancer. It will kill the cells and shrink the tumor.

Chemotherapy: Take medicine to stop cancer cells from doing the cell cycle. The cancer cells can't make more cells.

Survival Rates

The overall 5-year survival is over 50%. For people with early-stage liver cancers who are able to have a liver transplant, the 5-year survival rate is in the range of 60% to 70%. You have a higher survival rate if your cancer is in remission. Remission means that the cancer has shrunk, stopped growing, or completely disappeared. You are never cured of cancer, but your cancer can be in remission forever.

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