"Global warming isn't a prediction. It is happening."
- James Hansen
WHAT IS GLOBAL WARMING?
Global warming is the continual increase of the earth's overall temperature. This is a type of greenhouse effect which is caused by the increase levels of carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons and other pollutants that can harm our planet.
What are the causes of
Earth's average surface temperature increases profusely due to effect of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuel or from deforestation. This leads to the heat from the sun being trapped which escapes Earth. The main cause of global warming is having an excessive amount of carbon dioxide. It acts as a blanket covering the earth, trapping eat which results in having the planet to heat up.
How we get too much of carbon dioxide is caused by burning fossil fuels and burning down forests for plantations. Some examples of fossil fuels that we burn for energy are coal, oil and natural gas. Other agriculture practices make the problem worse by releasing harmful potent global warming gases such as methane and nitrous oxide.
How does Global Warming Affect your health?
Temperature conflicts such as heat waves and storms, air pollution and diseases are all associated with our daily lives. These are all problems in which climate change trigger that can greatly harm our health. The groups of people that can be more likely to be being affected by these threats include those who are poor, very young or elderly, or disabled or those who live in big cities.
Heat waves are always uncomfortable for everyones but especially for those who are weaker and cannot handle the weather. Extreme heat can cause illnesses such as heat cramps, heat stroke, and even death. Climate change is likely to increase the levels of bad ozone making it uncomfortable for those with asthma or lung conditions. Air pollutant affect the way we breath which can also result in death. Lastly, diseases such as malaria is a very concerning effect of climate change. Mosquitoes and other insects that carry diseases can survive longer as winter temperatures increase putting people at risk.
How does Global Warming Affect Species?
Global warming and climate changes can negatively affect animals and plants in many ways. Animals and plants that live in cold climate types must move polewards or uphill when the temperature increases by the smallest amount. This process has been observed in many places across the globe such as in the Alps, in the mountainous Queensland in Australia and in the many forests of Costa Rica. The impacts on these species have become so significant that their moving patterns can be used to indicate the warmth of the world.
Scientists have predicted that global warming could be a large contribution the amount of animals that have gone extinct throughout time. Since the world is overheating it can make the living conditions for species poor especially those in delicate ecosystems. Species in which are threatened by the earth's climate change can already be seen across the globe.
What can YOU DO to End
As a community, if we all work hard and believe that we can make a change in the world, we WILL be able to put an end to global warming. Because global warming is the result of having too much carbon dioxide from releasing fossil fuels which is burned for energy, if we stop using so much energy, not only will be healing the planet but also saving a lot of money.
Some ways of how we can use a lesser amount of energy include:
- Turn off the water when you are not using it.
- Turn off lights and all electronics (like computers, televisions, stereos, and video-games) when you leave a room.
- Use the microwave instead of the oven for cooking your meals.
- Use water appliances after 8 p.m.
- Save hot water by taking short showers instead of baths.
- Whenever possible, walk, bike, carpool or use the public transportation. Another option would be to invest in a hybrid car.
- Turn off the air-conditioner when you are not at home.