List and define all poetry terms in pages 574 and 575.

Figurative Language

Metaphors- describe one thing as if it were something else.

Personification- gives human qualities to something that is not human.

Similes- use like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things.

Symbol- anything that represents something else.

Sound Devices

Alliteration- the repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words, as in slippery slope.

Repetition- use of any element of language -a sound,word, phrase, clause, or sentence-more than once.

Assonance- the repetition of vowel sounds followed by different conconants in stressed syllables, as in wind and sand.

Consonance- the repetiton of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables, as in wind and sand.

Onomatopoeia- the use of words that imitate sounds. Crash, bang, and hiss are all examples of onomatopoeia.

Rhyme- the repetiton of sounds at the ends of words, as in speech and teach.

Meter- the rhythmical pattern in a poem.

Forms of Poetry

Narrative- poetry tells a story in verse. Narrative poems often have elements similar to those in short stories, such as plot and characters.

Haiku- a three-line Japanese verse form. The first and third lines each have five syllables and the second line has seven.

Free verse- poetry is defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern.

Lyric- poetry expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in highly musical verse.

Ballads- are songlike poems that tell stories. They often deal with adventure and romance.

Concrete- poems are shaped to look like their subjects. The poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page.

Limericks- are humorous, rhyming, five-line poems with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme.

Rhyming Couplets- are pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length.