List and define all poetry terms in pages 574 and 575.
Metaphors- describe one thing as if it were something else.
Personification- gives human qualities to something that is not human.
Similes- use like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things.
Symbol- anything that represents something else.
Alliteration- the repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words, as in slippery slope.
Repetition- use of any element of language -a sound,word, phrase, clause, or sentence-more than once.
Assonance- the repetition of vowel sounds followed by different conconants in stressed syllables, as in wind and sand.
Consonance- the repetiton of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables, as in wind and sand.
Onomatopoeia- the use of words that imitate sounds. Crash, bang, and hiss are all examples of onomatopoeia.
Rhyme- the repetiton of sounds at the ends of words, as in speech and teach.
Meter- the rhythmical pattern in a poem.
Forms of Poetry
Narrative- poetry tells a story in verse. Narrative poems often have elements similar to those in short stories, such as plot and characters.
Haiku- a three-line Japanese verse form. The first and third lines each have five syllables and the second line has seven.
Free verse- poetry is defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern.
Lyric- poetry expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in highly musical verse.
Ballads- are songlike poems that tell stories. They often deal with adventure and romance.
Concrete- poems are shaped to look like their subjects. The poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page.
Limericks- are humorous, rhyming, five-line poems with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme.
Rhyming Couplets- are pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length.