By: Audrey Wolz
Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that employs images in order to tell a news story.
My "Story" questions...
Give your year a title and explain why you decided to title it the way you did... My year's title would be "The evolution of the camera" because photojournalism all started out with a simple version of the camera we have today. Not only has the camera evolved, but the use of the camera is the thing that has really changed the things we use it for today. We started out using it for news and the coverage of around the US, because pictures don't lie when it comes to what has been happening in the world, and that is what photojournalism is like today. The way that we get the photos around the world so that everyone can see them is what has changed. We used to not have the internet, so people can't see a picture of the latest news report like you can today.
How did you get here? What's the story of your year... I started out my year doing a different topic so I switched to photojournalism at second semester. But I made a blog about why certain photos are famous and why. I also posted about the rules, and I posted some answers to questions that I have made up. Then, I researched on the evolution of the technology of the camera. I also included a few photojournalists that were famous for covering WWI.
What have you learned? I have learned that photojournalism is much more complicated than you would think. I had thought that photojournalism was just like taking photos but it is so much more and my research shows that.
In what ways have you grown/regressed? I have grown to know more about photojournalism and I feel like I have a better understanding about it.
What mistakes would you have made & what would you have done differently if you have had this opportunity again? I would probably talk more and ask more questions.
How has what you've done (or haven't done) helped you understand the history of our country in a different way? I understand that I need to ask more questions because I was a little lost on how much/how little I needed to add to my project, and it would have probably have been easier on myself if I would have talked to you more about it. It helped me understand the history of our country better because I didn't really have a set plan and I kind of just "winged" it so I learned more about photography and photojournalism more.
Offer a defense of why what you have been doing with your time or study of history is worthy? I think that photojournalism has had a huge impact on history, and without it many things would have gone unknown so it is very worthy of me studying on it. I have also done a lot of work and haven't been slacking off with it.
In what ways have you failed or succeeded? I have succeeded because I think that I have worked hard and have done a lot of research on photojournalism. I have failed because I think that I could have tied all of what I have done together a little better.
In your opinion, what have you've done this year help make the world a better place? I think that if more people learn about photojournalism, the better understanding the world will have about how things happen and how they should appreciate photojournalists and respect what they have done more.
MY PHOTOJOURNALISM BLOG- MY BLOG has famous photos from various time periods that I explain why they're famous with the photography rules that you have to know in order to take an award winning photo.
Photojournalists in WWI
Ernest Brooks was the first official photographer to be appointed by the British military. He was the most famous of all WWI photographers and his photos were the most known.
John Warwick Brooke was the second British official war photographer to go to the Western Front in 1916. The demands placed on he and his colleague, Ernest Brooks, were heavy. They had to take as many photographs as possible, with as much variety as possible, a difficult task for two men covering an army of over two million.
Tom Aitken was a newspaper photographer from Glasgow who was assigned in December 1917 as a war photographer along with David McLellan and Armando Consolé. McLellan's work also features in the National Library of Scotland’s Haig Papers.
David McLellan was a photographer with the 'Daily Mirror’, a newspaper which led the field in pictorial journalism, McLellan was appointed as an official war photographer in December 1917 along with Tom Aitken whose work also features in this collection. McLellan is especially noted for his work capturing the huge scale of operations on the Front.
Photojournalists in WWII
During World War II, the most famous photojournalist that you will ever know was covering this war. He is known as Robert Capa, and he was killed while covering the Indochina War. While he was covering WWII, he worked with Life magazine and had various photo assignments.
Famous photos in WWII
The first camera invented was made by Alexander Wolcott. His camera design was patented on May 8, 1840. His invention made it possible for candid photos to be taken and not fade away with time. Wolcott also has the distinction of opening the earliest photography shop in New York. The earliest photographs were not taken with Alexander Wolcott's invention.
Charles and Vincent Chevalier in Paris created this early predecessor of Wolcott's invention. This sliding box could capture images by using a mixture of silver and chalk exposed under a light source. Johann Heinrich Schultz discovered this silver and chalk method in 1724.
Three different types of cameras
1. Pinhole Camera- The concept of the pinhole camera was in use since the 4th century BC. Aristotle and Euclid frequently wrote about naturally occurring pinhole cameras. The Greeks believed that light was emitted from their eyes, rather than entering them. Once there was a better understanding of how light works, actual pinhole cameras could be created.
2. Primitive Cameras- Before Wolcott's invention, there were primitive cameras that could capture images. Problems ranged from images that faded to the length of time it took for the images to develop. The following are some of the inventions that led to the eventual creation of Mr. Wolcott's 1840 camera.
3. Camera obscura- A camera obscura may be a building with small holes used in the same manner as a pinhole camera, or it may be a small box with a hole in it, serving the same purpose. This primitive camera works by having light travel through the hole, strike a reflective surface and project an image in color, upside down. These cameras were popular as entertainment devices at the time because tracing the projected image could create very accurate drawings or paintings.
Modern Photography has...
With photography now, there is photoshop. With photoshop, you can altar images to change what it looks like and enhance what the photo is. This affects photojournalism because now, whenever there is an amazing photo that a photojournalist takes of something horrific, or something beautiful there is alway question on if they photoshopped it or not.
Photoshop can be a bad thing because...
- It changes what's real and compromises the truth of the photo.
- The photo is inaccurate, and most people can't notice if it's done well.
Photoshop is good because...
- It can modify photos in a good way.
- It can help fix a damaged photo.
My reflection questions
1. How does photojournalism affect the way we live life today?
Photojournalism in that time period made an impact on the world we live in today because in that time period, many memorial events happened. These events include: The Great Depression, World War I, and World War II. These events kind of "kicked off" the start of photojournalism because photojournalists cover wars and loss in order to inform people that don't know what's going on. This is important, and an example of this would be World War I when the US didn't want to get involved, and many people didn't know that the war was going on. Sure, there was some journalists that reported the war, but pictures are the only things that don't lie. And people needed to know what's going on in the wars because it could soon affect them.
2.Why did photojournalism benefit the time period?
Photojournalism benefited history at this time because it let US citizens and people all around the world know what's happening and what might affect us. Also, pictures don't lie, or at least we didn't have photoshop then. Photos gave people a new thing for people to obsess over, and to love. They also gave them piece of mind.
3. How did photojournalism get started/invented?
Photojournalism really started in Germany, in the 1920s. This is when the first photojournalism magazine was created. This was a modern newspaper for most, because not only did the reporter tell a story through word, but also through photos. However, in Germany, when Hitler came in power many of these magazines were banned. Photojournalists fled to the US. Soon photojournalism evolved into photojournalists covering wars. It began become more and more popular. Magazines such as Sports Illustrated, and Life magazine considered photojournalism a must.
4. What was photojournalist’s affect on some of the major events that happened?
Photojournalists affected the major events because they were the people that had the job of letting citizens of their country know what's happening and why with photos.
5. How does photojournalism contrast from then to now?
Photojournalism then compared to now has really evolved. You can tell that it has changed because it has gotten more complex and more and more people are starting to get into it.
I have concluded...
I have concluded that photojournalism has evolved in many different ways. New technology like the internet, digital cameras, and photoshop has played a part in changing photojournalism. The internet has had a big impact on photojournalism because you can easily upload your photos now and let the wold know what you're covering and why. This has help the news travel fast while using pictures to describe hat's going on. You can use the photos you take on you digital camera and upload them to the internet very quick. Digital cameras have helped change photography and photojournalism because with digital cameras you don't have to use film which make taking pictures quicker and easier. Without digital cameras, to develop a picture you would have to send your film into a developer in a black room. This could take a long time just for a couple photos! And the more you take, the more film you would need. Now with digital cameras, you don't need to worry about that. Photoshop has also changed photography and photojournalism. This is because, with photoshop, you can change/enhance any photo you want to. For photojournalists, using photoshop is a bad thing. This is because photojournalists are always supposed to report on what's happening all around the world, using pictures, and whenever they use photoshop that changes what went on in the picture, so it's almost like lying in a picture. New technology has effected photographers and photojournalists in good and bad ways.