Christmas Hymns

by: Austin S and Zach Mc.

O Come all Ye Faithful

For many years this hymn was known as an anonymous Latin hymn. Recent research, however, has revealed manuscripts that indicate that it was written in 1744 by an English layman named John Wade and set to music by him in much the same style as used today. O Come all Ye Faithful came from the Latin language. John Francis Wade was the author of this song. The Hymn first appeared in his collection called Cantus Diversi, it also appeared in Evening Offices of the Church in 1760. Later, the carol was translated to English by Frederick Oakeley and William Thomas Brooke and was published on Murray's Hymnal in 1852. Interesting Fact: The tune for this carol has been sometimes attributed to John Redding or to Saint Bonaventure. However, this is believed to be wrong because the musical score was first published in 1782 on An Essay on the Church Plain Chant by Samuel Webbe. The attribution to Redding is believed to have come from Vincent Novello, a famous organist, who referred to it as "Air to Redding, 1860."

Silent Night

A popular Christmas carol, composed in 1818 by Franz Xaver Gruber to lyrics by Joseph Mohr in the small town of Oberndorf bei Salzburg, Austria. It was declared an intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO in March 2011.

"Silent Night!" was created and first performed during very difficult times. The Napoleonic wars (1792-1815), which had caused great suffering, had come to an end. With the Congress of Vienna there were new borders and a new order set for Europe. In the course of these events, the ecclesiastical Principality of Salzburg lost its status as an independent country and was forced to secularize.

Origin of the Song." Origin Song. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2013.

"Silent Night." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 12 Sept. 2013. Web. 09 Dec. 2013.

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