Sui - Emperor Wen (Yang Jian), Emperor Yang Di
Yuan - Kublai Khan
Ming - Emperor Taizu
ACHIEVEMENTS OF EACH DYNASTY:
1. Sui Dynasty:
Grand Canal (longest and oldest canal in the world)
Established a bureaucracy and civil service exams: several departments for different government functions
-rebuilt the Great Wall
2. Tang and Song Dynasties:
Inventions: Paper currency, Gunpowder, Fish (compass), Woodblock printing (moveable type - Bi Sheng)
Taught farmers new rice farming techniques
-improved waterways, canals and roads
3. Yuan Dynasty:
Improved postal system
Opened borders for international trade
4. Ming Dynasty:
Imperial City (Forbidden city)
Established dominant Chinese armada
Introduced new foods (sweet potatoes, corn, peanuts)
Repaired irrigation systems and Great Wall, reintroduced civil service exam
5. Qing Dynasty:
-re-established civil service exams
-allowed some international trade
Factors that make innovation (inventions) possible
Open borders vs closed borders
Did geographic barriers determine the direction of trade?
Where there any towns created as a result of trade?
Did their economy lead to development of new methods of exchanging goods?
What was the social status of traders?
Did any of the constructions projects undertaken alter the environment?
Did public works undertaken improve the people’s lives?
Did resources or climate determine population patterns - which part of the land was settled?
Where there any diseases limited to a specific area?
What social hierarchy existed?
Was there any rapid increase or decrease of the population?
How did the government try to create a sense of identity?
Who owned the land?
-Was power held by only one ruler or was it shared?
-Did their belief systems (religion or philosophy) affect their views on social classes or trade?
-What type of literature or art flourished during this time?