Genghis Khan unified the tribes of Mongolia and was proclaimed ruler of all mongols. They had a culture of conquests. They continued to expand with Genghis as their ruler. Even after his death, his descendants invaded many lands. However, there was soon civil war between Genghis's descendants. There were many people who believed that they were entitled to the throne and with it the vast nation. The nation eventually split up into four separate nations. During its rise, it had three different capitals, Avarga, Karakorum, and Dadu. At it's height it was one of the largest empires in history. They spread there cultures far and wide. Some of which are still present today.
The Yuan Dynasty
Kublai Khan was one of the descendants of Genghis. He was the ruler of one of the four fragments of the Mongol empire. Kublai proclaimed the Yuan as a dynasty in 1271. The dynasty lasted until about 1388. The capital was in Khanbaliq, and like the Mongols, it was a monarchy. The Yuan dynasty was similar to the Song in that it is what people think of when they think of ancient China. They created many beautiful landscape paintings and pots. They also advanced mathematics and literature.