Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

Introduction: The most common form of diabetes, type 2 diabetes occurs when because of insulin resistance (when the body produces insulin but cannot use it correctly), the body produces too much blood sugar, and levels rise higher than normal. An estimated 26 million Americans have diabetes.

Pathology: The pancreas maintains the body’s blood glucose balance. Main hormones of the pancreas include insulin and glucagon, and both regulate blood glucose. Too much blood sugar can damage blood vessels over time. Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease, high cholesterol, and vision problems.

Signs/Symptoms: Increased thirst, frequent need to urinate, fatigue, blurred vision, tingling/pain in the hands, feet, or legs.

Cause: Type 2 diabetes is caused when the body produces insulin but cannot use it correctly, resulting in too much sugar in the bloodstream.

Treatment:  Some people with type 2 diabetes can manage their diabetes with healthy eating and exercise. However, to help you meet your target blood glucose levels, insulin supplements or pills may be needed. Success rates are very high.




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