Age of Exploration

Sir Francis Drake

Entry ONE

My name is sir Francis Drake I was born in 1540 in a cottage of rough tree branches on nobel man's estate in the country of England, located in Tavistock twenty miles north of sea port Plymouth. I have 11 brothers of which I am the oldest. My father was a Protestant farmer and was a soldier before I was born.

King Edward VI, in 1549 wanted the prayer book to be written in English and not latin. This led to violence between Catholics who resisted this. We then had to move to Chatham inKent where we lived in an old, laid-up ship for a time. My father became a Protestant preacher. This made a great impact in my life and I decided to devote my life to spreading the Protestant religion.

Today I have just been informed that her majesty the Queen told me to circumnavigate the world. The Queen has given me two ships and 73 sailors and I will be on my way shortly to the vast oceans with my sailors.

I decided to start this adventure around 1577.

England, under Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth, was growing in power and wealth and needed new countries to do trade like the what Spain and Portugal were already doing. We were at war with Spain most of the time over religion and trade.

Entry Two

At the age of 12 or 13, while I was living in Chatham, I started going out to sea as an apprentice on a small trading ship. When my master died, he gave me the ship and I sold it. I then moved to Devon and joined my relative John Hawkins where we did slaving voyages bringing African slaves to work in the "New World".

When I was 24, I was made Captain of the Judith and attacked the Spanish ships in the West Indies. I lost most of my ships to the attack and managed to escape.

When I 25 years old, I married Mary. After 17 of marriage, she died. I married again to Elizabeth, who came from a influential family. However, in both marriages, I did not have any children.

In 1570, I return to the Spanish Main to get revenge became the most hated person there for 3 years. I realized that the Panama was the weakest link in the Spanish route as they had to pass this narrow path with their mules laden with goods and silver from the colonies from the west coast of the south America to be loaded on to ships. I plundered the towns around this area and while doing this, I saw the Pacific Ocean and decided that one day, I will sail and English ship in that sea some day.

When I returned to Plymouth in 1577, I was rich and famous.

  • Entry Three

England, under Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth, was growing in power and wealth and needed new countries to do trade like the what Spain and Portugal were already doing. We were at war with Spain most of the time over religion and trade.

Today, December 1577, I have just been informed that her majesty the Queen to circumnavigate the world. The Queen has given me five scout ships and 150 sailors and I will be on my way shortly to the vast oceans with my sailors.

I was on the Golden Hind on my trip around the world. We reached Brazil on May 21, 1578 and went on towards the southern tip of South America and up to Chile and Peru, attacking Spanish ships. We continued north along the coastline up to Vancouver Canada and to the Pacific Ocean to the Celebes and Java and onward to the west until the Cape of Good Hope, southern tip of Africa, crossing the equator and returned to Plymouth Harbor in 1580. My crew of 58 men were starving. All our ships were lost except for the Golden Hind, laden with the richest cargo of spices, precious metals, jewels, silks, fine porcelains and maps that were irreplaceable.

A message was sent to Queen Elizabeth and she came on board the Golden Hind and dined with me and knighted me. I was now known as Sir Francis Drake, the first Englishman to sail in the Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean and South of the Atlantic Ocean. I was the first englishman to sail around the world and the first European to see the west coast of Canada.

  • Entry Four

Mary died in 1583 and I married Elizabeth, who was rich and beautiful and came from a wealthy family in England.

  • Entry Five

War broke out in 1585 with Spain. I was given command of a fleet and decided to return to Spanish Main to cause havoc to the Spanish. I plundered the colonial cities and shipping routes.

The Spanish gathered a large fleet in European waters and while I was at Cadiz, I was attached by many Spanish ships but I survived.

  • Entry Six

In 1588, a great Spanish fleet the Armada, sailed for England. I was then the Vice Admiral of the English Fleet, tasked to attack the Armada. We won the battle and I brought back the royal money chest when I captured the Rosario, which became crippled when it collided with another ship.

  • Entry Seven

In 1596, I contacted dysentery from the West Indies and Central America. For several days I suffered and died and was put in a lead casket and slipped overboard.

References:

www.rmg.co.uk/drake

www.library.thinkquest.org

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