1984 Reading Log
Olivia Cunningham

Part 1 Sections 1 & 2

Summary:

     In sections one and two, the reader is introduced to the protagonist, Winston Smith, and his dreary life as a worker in the Party's Ministry of Truth. Unlike the stout believers of Big Brother, the reader learns that Winston struggles with the idea of what is the truth and what are lies and how the Party fits into that picture. He begins a diary and makes up his mind about Big Brother; Winston hopes that the Brotherhood is real and that Big Brother will soon be out of power completely.

Quote:

" WAR IS PEACE

FREEDOM IS SLAVERY

IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH" (Orwell 25).

Questions:

Are Goldstein and the Brotherhood real or made up by the Party to exert control?

How do you think Winston will help to change his situation, if he does at all?

Learning Station #4

The chorus means that life is like a reality tv show in that we are constantly pressured by society to live as 'normal' people and that we are always being watched, like in the book, "1984."

The rest of the song also alludes to the novel and the message of society's propaganda and the status quo. One lyric in particular alludes to the Party's Two Mintues of Hate propaganda when it features Big Brother as the great protector, " 'Impress Me' personality." This talks about how tech government is constantly trying to impress the citizens and keep them dependent while the citizens try to impress the government through their showing of faith in Big Brother. The quote can also show that life is like a tv show and advertising and acting to conform is part of everyday life. In addition, the line, "Edging in towards the flame, Burn into obscurity," show how citizens blindly following the government are like moths that fly towards a flame. If they don't think for themselves, their will lose their freedoms and sense of self. All of these links to the novel show how people still think of our society today.

Part 1 Sections 3-6

Response: The new edition of Newspeak is said to get rid of all irrelevant words, such as adjectives, adverbs, and even some nouns. This will help the citizens of Oceania to abjure the most common way of expression, language. By making Oldpseak a clandestine, almost forbidden art, Big Brother can assure that only a few words will be used by his people, thus limiting what people can articulate and even feel. This relates to the INGSOC teaching, "Ignorance is Strength" because by making the people ignorant, the government can be strong. The soon to be quiescent language might even be considered thoughtcrime in the coming years if people still remember those words at all. Winston should help the others fight against this because if he does not, all tangible feelings and thoughts, like his diary, will be lost to all of the coming generations.

Part 1 Sections 7 & 8

Discussion Questions

Why is the past so important to Winston?

Is the girl with the Thoughtpolice?

What does the coral symbolize to Winston?

The past is so important to Winston because he wants to know truth about his world rather than fabrications of the Party. He asks the old man because he doubts the Party's honesty but he finds that the old man does not even know. Winston thinks, "“The Party histories might still be true, after a fashion: they might even be completely true" (Orwell 104). This is disheartening to Winston as he finds that the Party has destroyed every freedom that could be imagined.“A sense of helplessness took hold of Winston. The old man did not remember many important things, so Winston starts to believe in the Party, which is exactly what they want.

Excerpt From: Orwell, George. “1984.” Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (www.hmhco.com). iBooks. This material may be protected by copyright.
Check out this book on the iBooks Store: https://itun.es/us/6-YEz.l

Part 2 Sections 1-3

Winston and Julia's relationship symbolizes anarchy and freedom within the confines of the Party. They do not truly love each other yet they come together in order to feel and alive and to rebel against the Party's immense control. Winston knows this and thinks, “Their embrace had been a battle... It was a blow struck against the Party. It was a political act" (Orwell 139). Winston knows that it is not a pure relationship, yet it is a passionate one because they come together for a common cause. Maybe this spirit will continue with them and they will start a revolution.

Excerpt From: Orwell, George. “1984.” Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (www.hmhco.com). iBooks. This material may be protected by copyright.
Check out this book on the iBooks Store: https://itun.es/us/6-YEz.l

My poster depicts the war is peace slogan from Big Brother. I used pictures of guns and peace signs to symbolize the doublethink as weall as equal signs to show that war equals peace.

Part 2 Sections 4-8

4. “It struck him as a curious fact that he had never heard a member of the Party singing alone and spontaneously. It would even have seemed slightly unorthodox, a dangerous eccentricity, like talking to oneself. Perhaps it was only when people were somewhere near the starvation level that they had anything to sing about" (Orwell 155).

Excerpt From: Orwell, George. “1984.” Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (www.hmhco.com). iBooks. This material may be protected by copyright.
Check out this book on the iBooks Store: https://itun.es/us/6-YEz.l

5. “But she only questioned the teachings of the Party when they in some way touched upon her own life. Often she was ready to accept the official mythology, simply because the difference between truth and falsehood did not seem important to her" (Orwell 167).

Excerpt From: Orwell, George. “1984.” Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (www.hmhco.com). iBooks. This material may be protected by copyright.
Check out this book on the iBooks Store: https://itun.es/us/6-YEz.l

6. “By sharing a small act of thoughtcrime he had turned the two of them into accomplices" (Orwell 172).

Excerpt From: Orwell, George. “1984.” Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (www.hmhco.com). iBooks. This material may be protected by copyright.
Check out this book on the iBooks Store: https://itun.es/us/6-YEz.l

7. “For the first time in his life he did not despise the proles or think of them merely as an inert force which would one day spring to life and regenerate the world. The proles had stayed human. They had not become hardened inside. They had held on to the primitive emotions which he himself had to re-learn by conscious effort" (Orwell 179).

Excerpt From: Orwell, George. “1984.” Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (www.hmhco.com). iBooks. This material may be protected by copyright.
Check out this book on the iBooks Store: https://itun.es/us/6-YEz.l

8. “No, it is real. The Brotherhood, we call it. You will never learn much more about the Brotherhood than that it exists and that you belong to it" (Orwell 186).

Excerpt From: Orwell, George. “1984.” Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (www.hmhco.com). iBooks. This material may be protected by copyright.
Check out this book on the iBooks Store: https://itun.es/us/6-YEz.l

Article Summary

The article, "Bush Should Face Criminal Probe Over Post 9/11 'Torture,' Report Urges," tells the reader about how President Bush, Vice President Dick Cheney, the then defense secretary and CIA director should be investigated for the authorization of certain interrogation techniques. Apparently, Bush authorized stress positions, water boarding, and other harsh tactics. One prisoner was chained with a dog collar and sexually humiliated. The article also said that there were secret CIA detention centers that might have not technically been legal. The Human Rights Watch is asking the Obama administration to conduct a formal probe into these tactics after Obama declared that torture such as this would no longer be okay to use. Critics say that Obama will not do this because he does not see it as a crime when it really is. The Human Rights Watch wants to know if these interrogations methods were authorized legally and that no bypassing of rules went on during that time.

Comment Stream