Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni was born on March 6, 1475 in Caprese, Italy to his father, Leonardo di Buonarrota Simoni, and mother, Francesca Neri. He was the second of of five sons.
Due to his mother's illness, Michelangelo was placed with a family of stonecutters. Michelangelo wasn't interested in school. He was more interested in watching painters and the nearby churches. His father realized that he wasn't interested in the family's financial business so he made the decision to apprentice him at the age of 13 to the Florentine painters workshop where he learned the technique of fresco.
Michelangelo had spent only a year at the workshop when an extraordinary opportunity opened to him: At the recommendation of Ghirlandaio, he moved into the palace of Florentine ruler Lorenzo the Magnificent, of the powerful Medici family, to study classical sculpture in the Medici gardens. This was a fertile time for Michelangelo; his years with the Medici family, 1489 to 1492, permitted him access to the social elite of Florence—allowing him to study under the respected sculptor Bertoldo di Giovanni and exposing him to prominent poets, scholars and learned Humanists. He also obtained special permission from the Catholic Church to study cadavers for insight into anatomy, though exposure to corpses had an adverse effect on his health