❃ The Life of Margaret Fuller ❃


Sarah Margaret Fuller was born on May 23rd, 1810 to Margaret Crane and Timothy Fuller Jr.

By the age of 4, her father had begun Margaret's intense education, and taught her languages like Greek, and Latin. She later learned Italian and German to further her knowledge.By age 10 she had begun reading french literature.

💮❀ Adolescent to Teenage Years ❀

By the young age of 14, Fuller had earned herself admission into the Harvard library; a library for men only. At age 16 she became the educator for her 4 younger brothers.

❁ Late 20's and Early 30's ❁

After visiting Ralph Waldo Emerson, she is brought into the Transcendentalist movement at the age of 26. Emerson then creates the transcendental magazine, The Dial, in 1840 with Margaret Fuller and himself as the editors. She continues to edit until she is 32, when the magazine stops.

While editing, she put a few of her essays in the magazine, including The Great Lawsuit. Man versus Men. Woman versus Women. One of my favorite passages from this essay was when she explained how different types of people are all able to translate God and Nature into their work: "What shall we say of those who, if not so directly, or so consciously, in connection with the central truth, yet, led and fashioned by a divine instinct, serve no less to develop and interpret the open secret of love passing into life, the divine energy creating for the purpose of happiness;--of the artist, whose hand, drawn by a preexistent harmony to a certain medium, moulds it to expressions of life more highly and completely organized than are seen elsewhere, and, by carrying out the intention of nature, reveals her meaning to those who are not yet sufficiently matured to divine it; of the philosopher, who listens steadily for causes, and, from those obvious, infers those yet unknown; of the historian, who, in faith that all events must have their reason and their aim, records them, and lays up archives from which the youth of prophets may be fed" ( http://transcendentalism-legacy.tamu.edu/authors/f... ).

It was a spectacularly written section with so many different examples of people who put hard-work and love into their separate types of masterpieces. My favorite part was when she said that all of these people, "interpret the open secret of love passing into life", because they all translate the beauty of the world and religion in different but equally lovely ways.

In 1839, Fuller had begun her "Conversations". These meetings were made for women to come together and discuss their roles, their philosophies, their beliefs, and their rights. It was the start of feminism in her community, and she used these conversations to begin deciding her own beliefs on women's rights. Her conversations led to the creation of Women in the Nineteenth Century, one of the first pieces of literature focusing on feminism. One of my favorite parts of this was when she spoke of how it is now the woman's turn to be in the spotlight. "...that the idea of Man, however imperfectly brought out, has been far more so than that of Woman; that she, the other half of the same thought, the other chamber of the heart of life, needs now take her turn in the full pulsation, and that improvement in the daughters will best aid in the reformation of the sons of this age" ( http://transcendentalism-legacy.tamu.edu/authors/f... ).

It really struck me when she mentions how the image of man is shown to be imperfect time and time again, yet it is far more common to find the idea of men rather than the idea of women. The way in which she describes the equality of women was also wonderful and truly shows how women are both the same as man, but different.

✼ 36-40 ✼

She traveled to Europe again in order to focus on Italy when she was 36. While there, she met her future husband, the Marquess Giovanni Angelo Ossoli. Then in 1847, she gave birth to their son Angelo Eugene Phillip Ossoli.

She then becomes and active supporter of the Italian revolution and is the first war corespondent that is a woman once she returns to America to spread word of the war. She returned and began assisting in the revolution by working at an Italian hospital while her husband was fighting in the war. After realizing they were on the losing side, Fuller and her family set sail to the US on May 17th, 1850 with her book on the Italian revolution.

After the death of the ship's captain, and the failure of his rookie replacement, the ship wrecked off of the coast of New York. After 12 painful hours, the ship finally sinks, killing all 3 members of the family.

❃❀❁✼ Her Legacy ✼❁❀❃

Even though her book on the Italian revolution was never found, many of her other works were brought to the public's attention with the help of her friends. Horace Greeley, a long time friend of Margaret's, reissued her Papers on Literature and Art. Ralph Waldo Emerson and a few of her other friends published the Memoirs of Margaret Fuller Ossoli in the year 1852. Her brother Arthur Fuller published her other works of Life Without and Within, and At Home and Abroad, along with reissuing Woman in the Nineteenth Century.

All of Margaret Fuller's work will be remembered for it's intelligence, and her passion for equality.

Works Cited

"Digital Collections for the Classroom." The Editors to the Reader:. Web. 12 Dec. 2014

Harrison, Kathryn. "Vindication." The New York Times. The New York Times, 20 Apr. 2013. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

"Harvard University Widener Library." Lee Kennedy. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

"Margaret Fuller." James Smith Noel Collection. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

"Margaret Fuller." Margaret Fuller. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

"Margaret Fuller." PBS. PBS. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

"Margaret Fuller." Wikipedia. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

"Margaret Fuller." American Transcendentalism. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

Smith, Bonnie. "Margaret Fuller Chronology." Margaretfuller.org. 22 May 2009. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

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