Switzerland

Capital city : Bern

    Brief History:

    • Under Roman influence, the population reached a high level of civilization.
    • Switzerland industrialized rapidly during the 19th century.
    • After the decline of the Roman Empire, Switzerland was invaded by Germanic tribes.
    • In the 800, the country became part of Charlemagne's empire.
    • Rulling families death of the Holy Roman Emperor in 1291 signed a charter to keep public peace.
    • August 1, 1219 today celebrated as Switzerland national day.

    Politics:

    • Government: Federal Republic
    • Confederation of 26 cantons, member state of the Swiss confederation. Government, administrations, parliaments and courts are organized on three political levels:
    1. -federal
    2. -cantonal
    3. -communal
    • Contains a catalogue of individual and popular rights. Establishes the federal authorities of government.
    • Head of government and Chief of state: Federal President Ueli Maurer
    • Switzerland is a member of the European free trade association(EFTA) Signed the agreement on May 2, 1992. Submitted for accession to the EU on May 20, 1992.

    Environment/Landscape:

    • The climate in Switzerland is temperate, but has cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters. During the summer its humid and rains once in a while.
    • Animal life in this country is primarily Alpine. Animal life is protected, except during hunting season. In the forests there are deer, foxes, many varieties of birds, rabbits and more. Snakes and lizards are concentrated in the South.
    • About a third of Switzerland's land is devoted to agricultural production, such as grains, vegetables, fruits and vineyards.
    • 60% of Switzerland are mountains. The Alps are in the south and the Jura Mountains to the north.
      Switzerland's highest point is Monte Rosa, in the Pennine Alps, rises to 15,206 ft.
    • People usually get around by train, buses, and ships.

    Cultural traditions:

    • The most commonly heard music in Switzerland in the accordion, the violin, bass violin, clarinet and in some regions it the dulcimer(jew's hap) The Alphorn is a signal instrument used by the herdsmen.
    • Festivals celebrated in Switzerland depend on the season and the region. Many of them reflect on the course of agricultural year. Traditions such as;
    1. the Chästeilet cheese sharing
    2. Wine festivals
    3. the Alpine ascent and descent

    and more..

    • You will find varieties of sausage. Switzerland is home to 350 varieties. A few dishes and specialities, such as fondue, Älplermagronen and chocolate, that are typical of Switzerland.
    • Arts and crafts such as wood sculpture, furniture painting and farmers’ ceramics.
    • European football(soccer) is the most popular sport in Switzerland.

    Languages

    • German, French, Italian, and Romansch.

    Religion

    • Our dominant religion is Roman Catholic.
    • Other religions are Protestant, Muslim, and Christian.

    Economy:

    • The GDP per capita in U.S. dollars is $54,800 (2013)
    • The unemployment rate 3.2%.
    • Type of currency/money 1.02 US Dollar equals a Swiss Franc.
    • They export  machinery, chemicals, metals, watches, and agricultural products.
    • They import machinery, chemicals, vehicles, metals, agricultural products, and textiles.
    • Major trade partners are Germany, United States, France,  and Italy.

    Family:

    • The average family size is about 3 to 4 people
    • The roles that women play in the family is to do house duty's and to attend the children. Men work and attend for their family's. Children attend school and focus on their education.

    Cites:

    • "___ History of Switzerland." Brief History of Switzerland. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2014.
    • "Switzerland's Political Systems." : Direct Democracy on Federal, Cantonal and Communal Level. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.
    • "Agriculture and Forestry." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web.
    • "Popular Sports in Switzerland." Popular Sports. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.

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