After the collapse of USSR in 1991, Georgia gained independence and elected nationalist leader Zviad Gamsakhurdia as president. However, after gaining sovereignty , the Republic of Georgia still suffered from increasing corruption, national security and weakening state sovereignty. Although similar issues were happening in Neighbor countries of Georgia, like Armenia and Azerbaijan today in 2030, Georgia can be first country to fight the corruption, security and state sovereignty in that region and achieve results.
It is known that corruption erodes economic growth, financial stability, and weakens the ability of the state to become self-managed. Due to the strong presence of the Soviet Era Mobsters in Georgia, the 'unlawful' economy gets on the way of drugs and guns trafficking. It is 2030, and in Georgia like every country in that area, corrupt politicians use their resources to help businesses avoid paying taxes, and to assist regulations that favor organizations with whom they have strong ties. In previous years this issue was gone so far out of the hand that even the prime minister Ivane Merabishvili got arrested for corruption and was sentenced 5 years to jail. ( State Integrity Georgia). Furthermore, Georgia's capital Tbilisi is well known for its mafia leaders. Thieves-in-Law mafia heads own shares in many small and big businesses. Those people also have strong connections with the political leaders and they are the ones held responsible for corrupt activities. When the Soviet Union collapsed, mafia leaders from former members of the USSR such as Armenia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine and Russia, received massive freedom and very quickly expanded to countries of Eastern Europe. Most of today's corrupt bargains, bribes and kickbacks involve the mob and political leaders. Truthfully, they are above the law. This in return makes it harder for police to get those individuals ( Thieves in Law and the Russian Mafia) . Today in 2030 , when the ongoing issue of corruption promised to get much worse than the previous years, the state found ways to combat this issue and reduce the corruption in Georgia dramatically. Through the Anti-Corruption Network for Eastern Europe and Central Asia the president of The Republic of Georgia, Giorgi Margvelashvili, can implement the following strategy to combat corruption; Target Law-breakers. President Margvelashvili should make the fight against the major groups of his administration. Because the best way for the President to deal with this is to send out a message to the public and the corrupt entities that it is a serious crime and that high-profile lawbreakers will end up in jail . Afterwards, the new government should begin its Anti-Corruption Campaign with the same style and structure for the future uses. ( Anti-Corruption Network) Moreover, one of Georgia’s greatest assets is its large and dynamic civil society therefore using their power would be a much better choice from the President.
" Corruption erodes economic growth, financial stability, and weakens the ability of the state to become self-managed. It is a major issue for Georgia and always has been this way.
As Georgia cannot have complete sovereignty because of South Ossetia and Abkhazia it makes the country look rather weak. Those two provinces, South Ossetia and Abkhazia have left from Georgia and, strengthening their ties with Russia, function as de facto independent entities. Moreover, Region of Ajaria is also not subject to control by the central government of Georgia. One of the provinces even, South Ossetia announced independence in 1990 and looked for ways to join North Ossetia, which was in Russia. Just as expected, more than 100,000 people were displaced before the 1992 cease-fire and the establishment of a Russian-led peacekeeping operation. On the other hand, Georgia-just like Ukraine- is under Russia's Iron Fist-Putin's Iron Fist. Russia supplies Georgia with gas and it will be very accurate to guess that Georgia, just like everyone else, owns Russia money for the gas. Although it may seem like Putin left Georgia be, but in actuality it is not quite like it. Georgia, alongside Armenia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, follows Putin's orders. An example of this can be the invasions of Georgia and Ukraine. Nowadays, when Vladimir Putin with his supporters raise their opinion that Russia had legitimate and reasonable interests in Ukraine – as they justified Russia's aggression in Georgia on the pretext of protecting Russian citizens. Georgia, just like Ukraine is bordering seas -and during Ukraine's invasion, being close to the water was Russia's motive. However, the only difference between them is that Georgia in actuality fought Russia and Georgia fought well. (Russia-Georgia War) All in all, in 2030, those issues are still not completely solved yet because of all the conflicts and war between Georgia and Russia. However today , the president Merabishvili has few options to take into consideration and then implement them to resolve the conflict. The first thing that will help Georgia is; maintaining strong ties with Ajaria. The President of Georgia, should manage the relations with Ajaria too keep Ajaria close to Georgia. For Russia, there's not much that Georgia can do. If we apply the Game Theory to this, Georgia can either go against Russia, Follow Ukraine's footsteps, or make closer ties with Russia and stay close. Looking at this, the first two options will not work in favor of Georgia therefore the only option left is the latter. Thus, Meabishvili should make contact with Abashidze with assurances that Georgia will not use force to impose its control and just resolve all the conflicts peacefully and also make closer ties with Putin by supporting his every decision.
Georgian Passport- symbolizing the sovereignty of Georgia.
Georgia is well-known for Chechen refugees. In Autumn 2001, Chechen fighters appeared in the a small village of Georgian-controlled territory in Abkhazia. Their appearance led to fighting and then the fierce fighting resulted in joined forces with displaced Georgians from Abkhazia who launched an attack against Russian forces and Abkhaz forces. Later Russian Special Forces launched attacks on Georgia, Tbilisi, and slowly war began. This example showed how weak Georgia's security was to let Chechens enter their lands illegally and then start a war. After the war ended, Georgia strengthened its relationship with US but still seemed to be a little distant from Russia. In 2030 Georgia is facing similar issues to South Ossetia, and to resolve this issue the President can strengthen the ties with US because just relying on Russia wouldn't be working as perfect as it may seem. A good example of strengthening the ties would be getting The U.S. to help Georgia with Military. By doing this the president will make sure that Georgia will be a much safer place in 2030 and in the next years. In addition to this, Georgia also has one of the most powerful, largest and influential criminal networks in Eurasia. Arguably, majority of the thieves-in-law who were the chiefs of the mob groups of former Soviet countries were from Georgia. Their strong hierarchical structure made them a very powerful group allowed them to always be highly organized in their operations. Their style was very similar to Sicilian Mafia because just like in Sicilian Mafia ( Family) each group has a leader ( Godfather) who rarely appears in the public and controls the operations from above ( or behind the curtains ). (The Scope of Activites of Georgian Organized Crime Groups, Vladimir Ordintsov) . Having strong ties in the political field and the law enforcement, Georgian Mob became untouchable .Certainly , having all those powerful 'families' in that geographical area ( Former USSR) could result in bloody mob wars at any time. After the assassinations of Godfathers like Ded Hasan ( Grandpa Hassan), Vyacheslav Ivankov ( Yaponchik, Little Japanese) and many other chiefs led to brutal mob wars on the streets of Georgia and all the other countries. Although nowadays in 2030, the mafia has a very strong presence in Georgia, however it is not a major threat for the country. The political changes, Merabishvili becoming the president and taking the lead, temporarily stopped the problem and the main issue of security became the above mentioned Abkhazia-Georgia-Russia problem.
Georgia gained independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Since then the country is facing major issues such as high rates of corruption, weak security and state sovereignty. In 2030, these issues still exist and most of them are real threats. However, with the recommended solutions for the issues, Georgia will steadily overcome the challenges and have a stable economy, low corruption, strong security and solid state sovereignty through fighting the mob and corruption, external conflicts with superpowers and internal conflicts with the states. The recommended solutions for these issues included high-risk operations to combat mafia and corruption, strong and effective diplomatic consultations conflict resolutions involving tools such as the Game Theory were implemented in 2030 and virtually all the results turned out to be successful.
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