By: Jordan Gill

What are the measles?

The measles are an infection of the respiratory system because of a virus. The symptoms of this disease include fever, cough, runny nose, and a skin rash. Measles are highly contagious, if you aren't immune and you are sharing a living space with a person who's contracted the disease, there's a 90% chance that you will catch them. They are spread through respiration.

Alternatively, laboratory diagnosis of measles can be done with confirmation of positive measles antibodies or isolation of measles virus RNA from respiratory specimens. In patients where this is not possible, saliva can be collected for salivary measles-specific testing. There is no specific treatment for the measles. Most people effected by the disease will recover with rest and supportive treatment. Antibiotics could be used for any sicknesses the disease may cause. Acute measles encephalitis has a mortality rate of 15%. In some cases, where things such as bronchitis occur, about 1 in 100,000 cases is fatal. Measles are the most deadly of all childhood rash/fever illnesses. The disease spreads very easily, so it's important to protect against it. Getting vaccinated is the best way to prevent measles.

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