After World War II started Nazis started requiring all Jews to live within certain, specific areas of big cities. These were called Ghettos. The Jews would be forced to move out of their own homes (only permitted to take a few personal items) and move into small apartments. These apartments were often shared with other families. Some ghettos started out as "open," This meant that the Jews could leave their area during the day, but they had to be back by a curfew. Later on all ghettos became "closed," This meant that the Jews were trapped in and not allowed to leave at all. This was yet just another one of many ways to isolate the Jewish population from the Non-Jewish population and from other Jewish communities. The first Ghetto was established in Poland around October 1939. Warsaw Ghetto was the largest Ghetto in Poland, more than 400,000 Jews were crowded into an area of 1.3 square miles. Jews that lived in the Ghettos were required to wear identifying badges or armbands. They were also required to to preform forced labor for the Germans. Daily life in the ghettos was administered by Nazi-appointed Jewish Councils (Judenraete).
Children in Ghettos
Children in Ghettos were often orphaned and normally had to taker care of their younger siblings. Many orphans lived on the street, and just to survive they had to bed others for even little pieces of bread. In the winter many froze to death.
Children had to make themselves very resourceful just to even survive. Smaller children in the Warsaw ghetto sometimes helped smuggle food to their families and friends. They would crawl through the narrow openings in the Ghetto wall. They did this at very great risks. Punishments for getting caught were very severe.