Southeast Asia Dynasties
Pagan Kingdom, Khmer Empire, Trading Kingdoms, and Vietnam
The Pagan Kingdom- The Pagans around 840 established the kingdom of Pagan. I was located in the Irrawaddy River valley. Anawrahta, the kingdoms first great king served from 1044 to 1077. He conquered alot of lands. Buddhism was widely excepted around the empire. Many temples were built. The kingdom disappeared when they were crushed by the Mongols in war.
The Khmer Empire- The Khmer Empire boosted when they started to conquer many lands. Between 850 and 1220 they controlled most of Southeast Asia. Angkor was the capital. Angkor Wat was a series of ruins that still stand today. THey contain Hindu myths and beliefs. Their were also towers over 200 feet tall in the ruins. A big reason for the empire growing was agriculture. However the empire declined after 400 years because of building projects.
Trading Kingdoms- Many kingdoms like the Sailendra and Mahayana were apart of the trading kingdoms. They relied on agriculture and trade. Both kingdoms adopted Buddhism and their art and architecture. The Srivijaya empire came into play because of how wealthy they got. they got wealthy from oversea trade. They adopted Hinduism and Buddhism. The capital was Palembang where the center of Buddhist learning was. The Srivijaya empire weakened when and Indian Kingdom attacked them. They weren't gone yet but once other kingdoms grew they were done.
Vietnam- Vietnam was under China rule for a long time. They adopted their civilization style. They adopted Confucianism and Daoism. The government was also adopted. They adopted a bureaucracy and a Confucianism civil service system. Because the Vietnamese wanted to break off from China, they were attack the rule when it was weak. The most famous one was by the Trung sisters when they partially drove the Chinese out, but didn't. They ended up drowning them selves. In 939 they finally broke off. The Chinese and Mongols tried to claim them, but they defeated them and were still independent.
Angkor Wat ruins