By: Cael Duffin

  Hopefully you do, as you’re using your memory to do it. Remembering a special event or not, it can be pretty hard sometimes. Whenever you try something new, a new memory is formed in your hippocampus (organ in brain). The wonders of memory are unleashed!!

The Short and the Long of it

  The hippocampus is a huge part in short term and long term memory. Without it, we cannot change short term memories into long term memories. Remembering short term memories is easy if you order them with your emotions. For example, if something makes you happy you’ll remember to do it again. Short term memory is when you remember something that happened in the last few minutes or hours. Long term memory is when you remember some- thing a few months back or longer. Episodic memories are memories of special events and experiences


Alzheimer’s disease

  Alzheimer’s is the most common form of dementia. The most commonly recognized symptom of AD is an inability to acquire new memories and difficulty in recalling recently observed facts. As the disease advances, symptoms include confusion, irritability and aggression, mood swings, language breakdown, long-term memory loss, and ultimately a gradual loss of bodily functions and death. Alzheimer's does not affect all memory capacities equally. Neurologically, AD (and dementia in general) is characterized by a loss of neurons and synapses in the cerebral cortex and certain subcortical regions of the brain.

Parkinson’s disease

  Parkinson's disease is a chronic and progressive degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that impairs motor skills, speech and other functions. An estimated 7-10 million people worldwide (roughly 1 in 1,000 of the total population) are thought to be living with Parkinson's. Parkinson's disease is the result of decreased stimulation of the motor cortex by the basal ganglia, usually due to the insufficient formation and action of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the neurons in an area of the brain called the substantia nigra. There is no cure for Parkinson's, but some limited effect in counteracting the effects can be provided by treatment involving drugs which help boost the brain’s production of dopamine such as levodopa, or dopamine agonists that mimic the action of dopamine, as well as some other more experimental and controversial treatments.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

  Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce anxiety (obsessions) and repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing the anxiety (compulsions). Symptoms may include repetitive hand-washing, a generalized fear of contamination, extensive hoarding, aversion to odd numbers, and nervous habits such as repeated opening and closing of doors, constant organizing of objects in certain ways, obsessive counting of events, etc. OCD may be seen as a result of an imbalance between long-term memory and short-term memory processes. People with OCD (particularly those whose symptoms involve compulsive checking) tend to have less confidence in their memory than those without OCD, even if this level of confidence is not actually related to their actual performance on memory tasks, and the worse the OCD symptoms are, the worse this confidence in memory seems to be.


  Well, that brings this article to a close. I hope that this article has made you a more knowledgeable person not only in your mind, but in your heart also. Anyone can make a difference, even you, and you, and even you. Memories fade fast, so you better hold on.

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