The First Ten Amendments... Amended
Natalie Larsson and Ann-Marie Millunzi
Influences and History of the Bill of Rights
Influences from Documents:
The Virginia Declaration of Rights:
- Section 16 = Amendment 1 ~ Freedom of Religion
- Section 8 = Amendment 1 ~ Freedom of the Press
- Section 9 = Amendment 8 ~ No cruel or unusual punishments
- Section 3 of the Virginia Declaration of Rights states that the government should not rule the people, but be there for the people.
The Magna Carta:
- The Magna Carta was one of the first government documents that focused on individual and political rights. It also limited the rights of the government
- Other rights protected in the Magna Carta include "protections for the English church, petitioning the king, freedom from forced quarter of troops and unreasonable searches, due process and fair trial protections, and freedom from excessive fines." These rights are guarded in the Bill of Rights.
The English Bill of Rights (1688):
- It gave free elections and rights for citizens accused of crimes.
The Petition of Rights:
- Extended rights of “commoners” to have a voice in the government in 1628.
Changes to the First Ten Ammendments
Minimal Changes were made to the original Bill of Rights
- "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances."*
- You have the right to bear arms. However, if you inflict harm on other human beings, such as murder, your gun will be revoked and you will not be permitted to purchase another firearm.
- "No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law."*
- "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized."*
- You have the right to a trial with a jury and a lawyer. If you cannot provide a lawyer, one will be provided for you. You cannot be accused and tried for a crime more than once. Once the court has made a decision, it is final.
- "In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense."*
- No excessive fines or cruel and unusual punishments will be inflicted upon accused persons.
- "The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people."*
- "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people."*
*Original text from the original Bill of Rights
Additions to the Bill of Rights
Additions to the Bill of Rights
- Nuclear Weapons and other tracking missiles shall not be produced, nor created in the United States of America. They are too expensive to produce, and people do not need to be demolished in such a heinous way.
- Illegal immigrants have a right to stay in the United States of America. Certain companies will allow illegal immigrants to work for them. They will get a temporary tax ID number. The company will also assist in them in working toward the citizenship for the immigrants. Working toward citizenship will work much like social security. Part of what they are taxed will go toward their visa and citizenship.
- Companies with an income over 10 million dollars per year are required to be taxed, regardless of a non-profit marking.
- You have a right to be treated as equal as the person standing next to you.
- Any two persons have a right to get married, no matter their gender.
"Bill of Rights." Bill of Rights Institute Bill of Rights Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2014.
"The Declaration of Independence: A Transcription." National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives and Records Administration, n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2014.
"Facts and Case Summary: Gideon v. Wainwright." USCOURTSGOV RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2014.
"Facts and Case Summary." USCOURTSGOV RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2014.
"Magna Carta | Bill of Rights Institute." Bill of Rights Institute Magna Carta Bill of Rights Institute Comments. N.p., 2010. Web. 22 Dec. 2014.
"ROPER v. SIMMONS." Roper v. Simmons. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2014.
"Top 10 Controversial Court Cases - HowStuffWorks." HowStuffWorks. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2014.