U.S. Rise to World Power
Spanish American War (April 1898) The Spanish-American War (1898) was a conflict between the United States and Spain that ended Spanish colonial rule in the Americas and resulted in U.S. acquisition of territories in the western Pacific and Latin America.
Pure Food and Drug Act (June 30, 1906) Law that provided federal inspection of meat products and forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products.
Panama Canal (1914) President Theodore Roosevelt oversaw the realization of a long-term United States goal—a trans-isthmian canal. Throughout the 1800s, American and British leaders and businessmen wanted to ship goods quickly and cheaply between the Atlantic and Pacific coasts.
Assassination of Archduke of Austria (June 1914) On Sunday, 28 June 1914, the 50-year-old heir to the Austrian-Hungarian throne, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, the Countess Sophie, paid an official visit to Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia, to inspect troops of the Austrian-Hungarian army. And it was the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and his wife on this day in this city that would unleash a chain of events that rapidly escalated into the most devastating war the world had seen – the First World War.
German Declaration of War (July 19,19114) On December 11, 1941, Germany declared war upon the United States, in response to what was claimed to be a series of provocations by the United States government when the US was formally neutral during World War ll. Later that day, the United States Declare war on Germany.
U.S Declaration of Neutrality (August 1914) On 19 August 1914 U.S. President Woodrow Wilson addressed Congress and made public the U.S. policy of neutrality. During his address he warned U.S. citizens against taking sides in the war for fear of endangering the wider U.S. policy.
Armed Merchant Vessels Policy implemented (September 1914) Defensively equipped merchant ship (DEMS) was an Admiralty Trade Division program established in June, 1939, to arm 5,500 British merchant ships with an adequate defense against enemy submarines and aircraft. The acronym DEMS was used to describe the ships carrying the guns, the guns aboard the ships, the military personnel manning the guns, and the shore establishment supporting the system
U.S. Protest British Search & Seizure Policy (Dec 26, 1914) The present condition of American foreign trade resulting from the frequent seizures and detentions of American cargoes destined to neutral European ports has become so serious as to require a candid statement of the views of this Government in order that the British Government may be fully informed as to the attitude of the United States toward the policy which has been pursued by the British authorities during the present war.
German Declaration of War Zone; Unrestricted sub-warfare Declared (Fed 4, 1915) On this day in 1917, the lethal threat of the German U-boat submarine raises its head again, as Germany returns to the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare it had previously suspended in response to pressure from the United States and other neutral countries.
Sinking of the HMS Lusitania (May 7,1915) On May 7, 1915, the British ocean liner R.M.S Lusitania , which primarily ferried people and goods across the Atlantic Ocean between the United States and Great Britain, was torpedoed by a German U-boat and sunk. Of the 1,959 people on board, 1,198 died, including 128 Americans. The sinking of the Lusitania enraged Americans and hastened the United States' entrance into World War l.
Bryce Report (May 12, 1915) The British government, headed by Prime Minister Herbert Asquith, concerned by persistent reports of German brutality towards the civilian population in invaded Belgium in 1914, consequently requested James Bryce to prepare an independent report based upon his and an appointed committee's findings.
Lusitania Note (May 13, 1915) U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, backed by State Department second-in-command Robert Lansing, made his position on the Lusitaniasinking clear to the Government of Germany in three notes issued on 13 May, 9 June, and 21 May 1915.
Arabic Pledge from Germany (October 5, 1915) The British passenger liner Arabic was torpedoed by a German U-boat off the coast of Ireland. Approximately 40 passengers and crew were lost, including two Americans. German ambassador Johann Heinrich von Bernstorff responded with what has been termed the "Arabic Pledge," in which his government promised to halt the practice of attacking unarmed passenger ships without warning, and Provide for the safety of crew and passengers of any passenger vessels under attack.
Sussex Incident (April 19, 1916) torpedoing submarine, leaving 80 casualties, including two Americans wounded. The attack prompted a U.S. threat to sever diplomatic relations. The German government responded with the so-called Sussex pledge (May 4, 1916), agreeing to give adequate warning before sinking merchant and passenger ships and to provide for the safety of passengers and crew. The pledge was upheld until February 1917, when unrestricted submarine warfare was resumed.
U.S. National Defense Act Passed (June 3, 1916) On June 3, 1916, United States President Woodrow Wilson signs into law the National Defense Act, which expanded the size and scope of the National Guard—the network of states' militias that had been developing steadily since colonial times—and guaranteed its status as the nation's permanent reserve force.
British Intercept Zimmerman Telegraph (January 19, 1917) A message from the German foreign secretary, Arthur Zimmermann, to the German ambassador to Mexico proposing a Mexican-German alliance in the case of war between the United States and Germany, is published on the front pages of newspapers across America. In the telegram, intercepted and deciphered by British intelligence.
Peace Without Victory Speech - Wilson (January 22, 1917) U.S. President Woodrow Wilson addressed the Senate, a little more than two months before the U.S. entered the war against Germany - and appealed for a settlement of the conflict in Europe on the basis of 'peace without victory'. His hopes disappointed he addresses the U.S. Congress on 2 April 1917 to request permission to declare war upon Germany; war was duly declared four days later.
Germans announce resumption of unrestricted sub-warfare (January 31, 1917) Germany announces the renewal of unlimited submarine warfare in the Atlantic, and German torpedo-armed submarines prepare to attack any and all ships, including civilian passenger carriers, said to be sited in war-zone waters. Three days later, the United States broke diplomatic relations with Germany, and just hours after that the American liner Housatonic was sunk by a German U-boat. None of the 25 Americans on board were killed, and all were later picked up by a British steamer.
Wilson's War Message To Congress (April 2, 1917) When the major European nations entered into World War I in the summer of 1914, most of America was united in the desire to avoid getting involved in the conflict. Shortly after the war began, President Woodrow Wilson announced his intention to keep America neutral in thought and deed, for he hoped that America might play a vital role in bringing the warring nations to peace. But neutrality (the policy of not getting involved in the fighting) proved more difficult than anyone had anticipated.