-USA declares war on Germany earlier that year -During WWI there were a lot of anti-immigrant feelings -First red scare- people feared anarchists and communists -Italy fought against Germany and Austria-Hungary WWI
The original target of the bombing was not the police officers, but the italian evangelical church.
-Italian Evangelical Church located in the third ward. -Headed was Reverend August Giuliana, who was outspoken and a patriotic pastor. -Factions who were thought to be the terrorists: >anarchists >particularly the Galleanist faction
The Bombing Itself
-10 year old girl finds the bomb that was wrapped in a packaging material in a box. -"It looked like a big dinner pail and innocent enough." According to Captain of Detectives John T. Sullivan's account of the event. -Young girl brings it inside the church, leaves it there, and continues working at the church cleaning doing usual maintenance until 11:30 am. -After she goes home, she goes to find Miss Richter, another worker at the church. -Miss Richter returns to the church without the girl and recklessly brings the bomb downstairs. -After disassembling the bomb, she reassembled it because she thought that things should be left as they are found. >Debatable Question: Should she have left the bomb alone after it was disassembled or did she do the right thing? -6 p.m. She notified the church janitor, Mazzone, about this incident and he brought it to the police station -Mrs. Richter said to a reporter, “I saw the vial, which contained a brown fluid and took it out. In the hole, where it had been placed, was yellow substance like powder.” -Mazzone told the police that the bomb may have been linked to a near riot several months ago -The station keeper was showing the bomb to the shift commander, in the police station, when the bomb went off. -It killed 9 officers and one civilian -Extra info: Apparently the watch of one of the officers who was killed stopped at 7:33 pm so this may be the time the bomb went off
How Do Time and Place Affect Our Thinking?
Scapegoating Germans Red Scare- Communism and Anarchy Anti-Immigrant (and Anti-Catholic) Feelings