The Milwaukee Police Station Bomb

November 24, 1917

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Background

-USA declares war on Germany earlier that year
-During WWI there were a lot of anti-immigrant feelings
-First red scare- people feared anarchists and communists
-Italy fought against Germany and Austria-Hungary WWI

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The original target of the bombing was not the police officers, but the italian evangelical church.

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Church Background

-Italian Evangelical Church located in the third ward.
-Headed was Reverend August Giuliana, who was outspoken and a       patriotic pastor.
-Factions who were thought to be the terrorists:
     >anarchists
     >particularly the Galleanist faction

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The Bombing Itself

-10 year old girl finds the bomb that was wrapped in a packaging material in a box.
-"It looked like a big dinner pail and innocent enough." According to Captain of Detectives John T. Sullivan's account of the event.
-Young girl brings it inside the church, leaves it there, and continues working at the church cleaning doing usual maintenance until 11:30 am.
-After she goes home, she goes to find Miss Richter, another worker at the church.
-Miss Richter returns to the church without the girl and recklessly brings the bomb downstairs.
-After disassembling the bomb, she reassembled it because she thought that things should be left as they are found.
    >Debatable Question: Should she have left the bomb alone after it was disassembled or did she do the right thing?
-6 p.m. She notified the church janitor, Mazzone, about this incident and he brought it to the police station
-Mrs. Richter said to a reporter, “I saw the vial, which contained a brown fluid and took it out. In the hole, where it had been placed, was yellow substance like powder.”
-Mazzone told the police that the bomb may have been linked to a near riot several months ago
-The station keeper was showing the bomb to the shift commander, in the police station, when the bomb went off.
-It killed 9 officers and one civilian
-Extra info: Apparently the watch of one of the officers who was killed stopped at 7:33 pm so this may be the time the bomb went off

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How Do Time and Place Affect Our Thinking?

Scapegoating Germans
Red Scare- Communism and Anarchy
Anti-Immigrant (and Anti-Catholic) Feelings

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Activity!