Mouth Cancer

By: Maranda Martini

Metastasis is the spread of a cancer or disease from one organ to another not directly connected to it.  Mouth Cancer has 4 stages. The 4 stages are:

Stage 1:Mouth cancer tumor means the tumor is 2 centimeters across or smaller and no cancer cells are present in nearby structures, lymph nodes, or distant sites.

Stage 2:The tumor is 2-4 centimeters across and no cancer cells are present in nearby structures, lymph nodes, or distant sites.

Stage 3:The tumor is larger than 4 centimeters across and no cancer cells are present in nearby structures, lymph nodes, or distant sites. The tumor is any size but has not grown into nearby sites or structures. Cancer cells can be located on the same side of the head and neck as the primary tumor and is smaller than 3 centimeters.

Stage 4:There is stage 4A and stage 4B. Stage 4A:The tumor is any size and growing. There are cancer cells in a lot of nearby structures.  The cancer metastases to other places in the body.  Stage 4B:The tumor has invaded deeper areas/tissues. Tumor is any size.

With all the stages of mouth cancer the survival rate is 81% to 91%. Mouth Cancer Remission takes up to 28 months.

There are a couple different causes for mouth cancer.  They are drinking too much alcohol and smoking.  There are many symptoms for mouth cancer.  Some of them are: white patches anywhere in your mouth; red patches anywhere in your mouth; a lump on the lip, tongue, or in the mouth or throat; unusual bleeding or numbness in the mouth; pain with chewing or swallowing; a feeling that something is caught in your throat; loose teeth or dentures feeling uncomfortable and not fitting properly; a change in your voice or speech problems; weight loss; lump in the neck.  

There are a couple of different types of treatments for mouth cancer(both treatments have side effects).  They are:

Radiotherapy:Radiotherapy is suggested after surgery.  Radiotherapy is when small doses of radiation are projected to the cancer infected area.  This is done to kill the cancer cells or to shrink the tumor.  Side effects may include dryness, itching, peeling, or blistering on the area the radiation was used on.  

Chemotherapy:Chemotherapy is usually only done if the cancer comes back after surgery and radiotherapy.  Chemotherapy you take medicine that causes the cells not to undergo mitosis.  Chemotherapy stops and slows the growth of cancer cells.  Side effects may include blood forming cells in the bone marrow; hair follicles; and cells in the mouth, digestive tract, and reproductive system.  

With all the stages of mouth cancer the survival rate is 81% to 91%.  Remission means there is no evidence of cancer following treatment.  Mouth Cancer Remission takes up to 28 months.  

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