Breast Caner: How To Save A Life! ︎
By: Allie Watson
Definition: Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts.
What is Breast Cancer: Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in the cells of the breast. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that can grow into surrounding tissues or spread to distant areas of the body. The disease occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get it too.
- Pain in the breast.
- You may find pink or reddened areas often with the texture and thickness of an orange.
- A bruise on the breast that doesn't go away.
- Sudden swelling of the breast.
- Itching of the breast.
- Nipple retraction or discharge.
- Swelling of the lymph nodes under the arm or in the neck.
- Swelling in the armpit.
- Any change in the size, contour, texture, or temperature of the breast.
Advancing age and a family history of breast cancer. Risk increases for a woman who has certain types of benign breast lumps and increases significantly for a woman who has previously had cancer of the breast or the ovaries.Researchers think that the greater a woman's exposure to the hormone estrogen, the more susceptible she is to breast cancer. Estrogen tells cells to divide; the more the cells divide, the more likely they are to be abnormal in some way, possibly becoming cancerous.
Breast cancer treatments are local or systemic.
Local treatments are used to remove or destroy the disease within the breast and surrounding regions, such as lymph nodes. These include:
- Surgery: either mastectomy or lumpectomy, also called breast-conserving therapy. There are different types of mastectomies and lumpectomies.
- Radiation therapy
Systemic treatments are used to destroy or control cancer cells all over the body and include:
- Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells.
- Hormone Therapy: Hormone therapy uses drugs to prevent hormones, especially estrogen, from promoting the growth of breast cancer cells.
- Biological Therapy by using the body's immune system to destroy cancer cells. These drugs target breast cancer cells that have high levels of a protein called HER2.
Tips to Remember When Choosing Breast Cancer Treatment
Although there are some typical breast cancer treatment regimens, women do have choices.
- Be sure to discuss with your doctor all the risks and benefits of each treatment option and how they relate to your own lifestyle.
- Consider joining a support group to help you address the emotional issues surrounding your diagnosis and to help you decide on a treatment.
- Ask your doctor about participating in a clinical trial.
The earlier breast cancer is detected, the better it may be for the patient’s long-term health. Get a brief overview of the tests that can help detect breast cancer. For women at normal risk of breast cancer, self-exams, clinical exams, and mammography starting at 40 may screen for breast cancer. Abnormal results or high-risk women may need earlier screening or additional tests.
People and type:
Breast Cancer can happen in both men and women. It is more likely for women to have it then men.
These are all the types of cancer that there is and some information about them:
Invasive Breast Cancer
Invasive breast cancers have spread beyond the milk ducts and milk-making glands to other breast tissue. This link will take you to a web site that explains invasive breast cancer.
Related Web Site: Paget’s Disease of the Nipple
Read about Paget’s disease of the nipple, a rare form of breast cancer.
Breast Cancer Recurrence
Breast cancer recurrence (return) is possible after treatment, and it doesn’t always come back to the breast. This detailed article is all about breast cancer recurrence.
Breast Cancer in Young Women
Breast cancer is generally seen in women after menopause. But it can strike much earlier. Learn about breast cancer in young women.
Breast Cancer in Pregnancy
Breast cancer in pregnancy is very rare. But it can happen. Learn how breast cancer in pregnancy is handled.
Male Breast Cancer
The vast majority of breast cancer patients are women. But every year, about 1,700 U.S. men get breast cancer. This article has the facts on male breast cancer.
Inflammatory Breast Cancer
Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare type of breast cancer in which the breast appears swollen and inflamed. It doesn’t always involve a lump. Learn more about inflammatory breast cancer.
HER2-Positive Breast Cancer
If breast cancer is HER2-positive, that means it has a certain protein (HER2) that makes cancer cells grow. Find out more.
Application of research article:
I learned a lot about Breast cancer I did not know. I didn't know that it takes a lot of times for some people to get rid of it. It's a lot of work. The medications they have and everything they have to do and they have a lot of side affects but people are strong enough to risk those things to try and treat it.
"WebMD - Better Information. Better Health." WebMD. WebMD, 01 Jan. 2005-2015. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.
"Breast Cancer Shirts." N.p., 01 Jan. 2015. Web. 05 Mar. 2015.