Would you like to take a tour to one of Canada's, beautiful places ? if you do the Western Cordillera is the place to go ! Western Cordillera has amazing scenery's, wonderful climates, has variety of vegetation and it is a great place to go hiking as well.
The western area of cordillera is very moist and mild, it is affected by the large body of water near by, which means that the large bodies of water do not heat up as fast in the summer like rocks and soil do, so it gives a cooler temperature during the summer, by the end of summer the large bodies of water heat up giving fall and winter a warmer temperatures. This is called a Maritime Climate ( also known as a Oceanic Climate).
in this climate graph there is more precipitation in winter than summer
Western Cordillera has many mountains, and hills on the edge of Canada's pacific coast. Western Cordillera contains land shapes such as striations, drumlin, eskers and till plains. U-shaped valleys are also presented in Western Cordillera. It was formed when North America and the Pacific Coast collided. Western Cordillera is divided into 3 sections now : Eastern Mountains, Interior Plateaus and Coast Mountains. Eastern Mountains are created by 2 different mountain ranges which are the rocky mountains and Columbia mountains, Interior Plateaus is created by volcanic activity's which was caused when North America and Pacific Coast collided and Coast Mountains are created by the Pacific plate going underneath the North American plate.
This is how Western Cordillera looks like today
Vegetation and Soil
the western cordillera is very important to Canada's vegetation since it contains 5 out of 8 major Canadians forest zone. the lower section (bottom of the mountains) of western cordillera contains many pine trees and coniferous trees while the upper section (top of the mountain) there are no trees due to the extreme cold. it ranges from alpine tundra to coastal rain forest to grasslands and Savannah forests. the Alpine region only consists of Alpine tundra zone which is found above tree lines in the mountain regions. the Alpine vegetation is mainly grasses, sedge, dwarf willows, mosses and lichens. forest's usually grow at high elevations. The soils do not freeze due to the insulation blanket of snow. Western Cordillera consists of many different types of soils, which is sometimes called mountain soils.
Geology of Western Cordillera
As i had mentioned earlier Western Cordillera is divided into Eastern Mountains, Interior Plateaus and Coast Mountains. Eastern Mountains are made up of 2 mountains regions : rocky mountains and Columbia Mountains. Rocky mountains are the youngest mountains in Canada it is made up of mostly sedimentary rocks. Columbia Mountains are not tall like the rocky mountains but they are made up of sedimentary rocks and some metaphoric rocks. Interior Plateaus is in the middle of western cordillera, contains valuble metals and is made out of igneous and sedimentary rocks. Lastly the Coast Mountains are also divided into 2 ranges which are island mountain range and coast mountain range,they are made up of metamorphic and igneous rocks.
Map of Western Cordillera
this is the map of Canada the yellow area represents British Columbia ( Victoria) and Yukon territory (Whitehorse) this area is the Western Cordillera ( where the tour will be taking place). Western Cordillera is located in the western area of Canada and consists certain parts of Alberta and Northwest territories.
Activity at Western Cordillera
At the Western Cordillera we have activities such as hiking, gold mining, sight- seeing, skiing and fishing. Fishing will take place in the pacific ocean, gold mining will take place in the interior plateaus, sight seeing will take place on the mountains along the pacific coast, hiking will take place in between Yukon and British Columbia, and skiing will take place down the mountains of western cordillera. This will be a great opportunity for you and your family to explore the wonderful scenery's/activities we have to offer at Western Cordillera !
Here's a sneak peak of Western Cordillera !
Would climate change have a impact on Western Cordillera in the future? yes climate change will have significant changes in the future water resources due to moist air blown on shore, mountains act as a barrier forcing the air up and as the air rises it cools and water vapor condenses forming precipitation, this is what we call windward. This means we will have twice as much of water we have today.
Is there risk of Natural Disaster
Yes there is a risk of natural disasters to occur such as tsunamis, floods, blizzards, and Cyclonic storms. tsunamis occur when the ocean floor at the boundary rises or falls, it moves the water above and creates the huge waves that become tsunamis. floods occur when the volume of water within a body of water, such as a river or lake, which overflows causing the result that some of the water escapes its usual boundaries. Blizzards occur when high winds stir up snow that has already fallen, it is known as a ground blizzard. Cyclonic storms occur when a system of winds rotating inward to an area of low atmospheric pressure.