What is Amnesia?
Amnesia is a brain disorder where you lose the ability to memorize data. People with Amnesia may be able to memorize new information in some cases. Some areas of the brain that have been damaged are relating to encoding, retrieval, and storage. Damage is associated with the Hippocampus.
What causes Amnesia?
There are two different types of causes, which are Organic or Functional. Organic causes brain damage through injury or specific drugs. Functional is caused by psychological factors and defense mechanisms. Some functional causes are child abuse, victim in a violent crime, sexual abuse, involved in a natural disaster, or involved in a terrorist attack. Some other causes are stroke, celiac disease, heart attack, brain tumor, some seizure disorders, or any other head injury.
Types of Amnesia:
In most cases it is temporary lasting only a few minutes to a few hours, but in more rare cases it can be permanent. Depending on how severe the condition determines how long your memory loss will last. Long Term memory loss is when your childhood memories are preserved. There is also Procedural Memory which is when facts and events are preserved. Another is declarative which is when your most distant memories are preserved.
What are the symptoms of Amnesia?
Symptoms of Amnesia include uncoordinated movements, problems with short term memory loss, confusion or disorientation, partial memory loss, total loss of memory loss, failure to recognize faces, or the can't recognize places.
What is the diagnosis?
A comprehensive evaluation is necessary. They have to examine your medical history, identify underlying health problems that may be causing it. They have to do blood tests, and finally radiological imaging of the brain.
Can it be treated?
Conventional Treatment: No drugs exist for Amnesia. There are little treatments available. Addressing health issues may relieve amnesia. Psychotherapy is a useful treatment for people who's amnesia was caused by emotional treatment.
Novel and Emerging Treatments: - Guanfacine- approved ADHD medicine it is now taking an interest in memory loss diseases like amnesia. -Piracetam- GABA medicine is taking an interest in memory loss didseases. -Hormones- Changes in hormone levels plays a role in amnesia. -Electrical Stimulation- Applying electrical currents to the brain also may treat amnesia.
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