Carl Jung

Carl Jung (1875-1961) is one of the biggest names in psychology. He was always interested in the human mind, particularly the formation of symbols and myths. As such, he was a psychoanalyst who was particularly interested in dreams, art, religion, and philosophy. One of the main theories he came up with was Individuation, which is essentially when the conscious and unconscious mind meld together. Like the name suggests, Individuation results in the person becoming different and individual from other human beings. Jung grew up in Switzerland, while the Victorian era was waning. The Victorian era is known for placing high prominence on moral standing and overall classiness.

Jung was an important figure in psychology as he was the first person to collaborate and later disagree with Sigmund Freud. At the time, while Freud's studies were controversial ("infantile sex drive" is a subject laden with arguments, because of course), they were pretty much uncontested. Carl Jung advanced a variable way of thinking that was the same in most ways. The main difference was that Jung didn't emphasize the sexual and aggressive drives to the degree that Freud did. As for how the time period influenced him, I'm not quite sure. Sure, he grew up the Victorian era, but he didn't even live in England, and that era ended by the time he became a psychologist anyways. Maybe the ideals and practices that came with that time period affected Jung when he was younger, but by the time he would do the vast majority of his work, that point would seem kind of moot.

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