The Physics of Golf

By Matt Graziano

I chose to do my project on golf because I am an avid golfer and want to learn the physics of the golf swing and how it affects each shot.  

Golf is a game played on a large outdoor course with a series of 9 or 18 holes spaced far apart, and you hit a hard ball with the use of various clubs into each hole with as few strokes as possible.

There are many more physics concepts having to do with the normal golf swing. One of the concepts is the speed of your arms and shoulders in the down swing. Speed will affect how the ball flies and how far it travels in the air(website 2). A second concept is uncocking the wrists at the right moment so that the club connects squarely with the ball. Uncocking the wrists allows the golf club to straighten out, and in the process gain additional speed which translates into a harder hit than if the golf club were held off which means the wrists are not allowed to rotate during the swing. The third concept is the point at the bottom position of the swing, where "the players hands are directly above the ball, the golf club is in the vertical position parallel to his arms. This will maximize the speed of the club head upon impact, and result in the farthest hit"(website 1).

The equation for the velocity of the golf club head is

Physics of golf diagrams


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