The Aztec

The Aztecs, who probably originated as a nomadic tribe in northern Mexico, arrived in Mesoamerica around the beginning of the 13th century. From their magnificent capital city, Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs emerged as the dominant force in central Mexico, developing an intricate social, political, religious and commercial organization that brought many of the region’s city-states under their control by the 15th century. Invaders led by the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes overthrew the Aztecs by force and captured Tenochtitlan in 1521, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great native civilization.

Mapped Territory

Timeline

Gods

  1. The Aztecs brought their many gods and goddesses with them. As  farming people, the Aztec knew the forces of nature and worshiped them as gods. Most important was their sun god (shown above) , Huitzilopochtli. The Aztecs also used him as their god of war.

Warriors

The Aztec warriors wore extensive forms of armor to protect them in war. The dress of higher warriors was very elaborate. Their bodies were covered with a close vest of quilted cotton. Although impenetrable the garment was very light. The wealthier chiefs often wore a thin layer of gold or silver instead of the vests. Covering this inner layer was a coat of extravagant feathers. Helmets were often made of wood and fashioned to look like the heads of animals. They also carried shields to fend off arrows and spears. The shields were made of woven reeds with feathers lining the outside.

Clothing/Dress

Aztec women wore skirts that they wore around their hips and waist. Men wore loincloths and often wore a poncho without sleeves or a cloak over the loincloth. All men had a small shoulder pouch under their cloak or poncho

Story telling

Story telling was mainly told by the elder or parents these are some examples of some of the storytellings

Buildings constructed  

Size varied due to the wealth of the family and location. For example, house sizes would be smaller in the big city of Tenochtitlán, while in more rural areas houses would be larger (that's a general rule, though not always the case). But the same basic pattern was followed - basically, one large room, occasionally with a small room added on. There were likely two doors and no windows. There would be space in one of the walls for a small religious shrine.

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