The Urban America

By: Savannah, Michael, Olivia, Jayne

~Urbanization Then

~Urbanization Now


-Urbanization is the growth of city or towns in rural areas.

Urbanization Political Cartoon

This political cartoon shows a poor cow looking for grass because he is hungry. Why is he hungry? Urbanization is the development of cities/towns, which means deforestation. With all of this occurring things like grass pastures tend to disappear. Because of this animals find it hard to survive. That's why there is a cow running across a highway looking for food.


  1. Americans Migrate to the Cities
    1. After the Civil War, the urban population of the United States increased by around 20 million from 1870 to 1900.
    2. People were drawn to cities by modern amenities as well as entertainment such as museums, libraries, and theaters.
    3. Skyscrapers were built to accommodate large populations.
  2. Separation by Class
    1. High Society
      1. Wealthy upper class people in cities could pay to have houses built in a wide variety of styles and to hire servants such as cooks, maids, and butlers.
    2. Middle Class Gentility
      1. Most middle class households had at least 1 live-in servant, giving women more time for social activities.
    3. The Working Class
      1. The urban working class mostly lived in small, crowded apartments and often rented to boarders for additional money.
    4. The Family Economy
      1. In working class families, every member of the family worked, including children.
      2. A growing number of women began working outside the home.
      3. Many people worked very long hours in bad conditions for very little pay.
      4. There was no compensation for being hurt or even killed on the job.
  3. Urban Problems
    1. Crime and Pollution
      1. Minor criminals, such as pickpockets, thrived in crowded cities.
      2. Major crime also increased; from 1880 to 1900, the murder rate grew from 25 per million people to over 100 per million people.
      3. Alcohol was a major factor in the increase in crime.
      4. Disease and pollution also posed major threats to urban people.
    2. Machine Politics
      1. Graft and Fraud
        1. A political machine is an informal political group created to gain and keep power.
        2. The party bosses running the political machines controlled the cities finances.
        3. They got rich through fraud or graft, getting money through dishonest or questionable means.
        4. Party bosses also accepted bribes and sold permits to operate public utilities.
      2. Tammany Hall
        1. Tammany Hall, the NYC Democratic political machine, was the most famous of these organizations.
        2. It was led by William “Boss” Tweed whose corruption led to a prison sentence in 1974.
        3. The machines controlled all city services, including police.

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