Ukraine Country Project
Miss Smith 7 Purple
The country of Ukraine is no stranger to change. Since the early 1900's, Ukraine has had a long history with government takeovers, deadly pollutants, and political unrest. However, its inhabitants continue to call Europe's second largest country, home.
It is bordered by such neighbors as Belarus, Russia, Romania,Hungary, Slovakia, Romania and Poland. It's capital is Kiev which is located in the northern part of the country. Ukraine is home to several different topographies and relatively mild temperatures, feeling an average of 43 degrees in winter months and low 70's in the summer.
The population boasts a hefty 44,854,065 people over its 233,089 square mile size, and still maintains a culture of colors, festivals and close family ties.
In the country of Ukraine, two-thirds of the population lives in urban cities such as Kiev and the Donets Basin. Large, rural villages are common residencies and make up most of the country's farming community. Dnieper River provides water for the majority of the citizens and crops throughout the country.
Most of Ukraine is made up of flat, cool plains. Other areas of the country contain woodlands, marshes and forests. These different biomes are home to over 100 mammals and 350 species of bird. Along Ukraine's large borders hail its two mountain ranges, Carpathians and Crimean. Also bordering the country are the Black Sea and Sea of Azov. In the Crimean region, temperatures are slightly warmer than the northern part of the country.
Although Ukraine has had an unstable past, the culture of the people has remained constant. Bright colors, folk songs and hand woven fabrics depict traditional Ukraineian society. In rural areas,typically home to older residents, it is not uncommon to see horse drawn carriages and clap board houses. However, in urban areas, the dress and culture is very "Westernized", making it seem no different than what one might find in any American city.
Unlike many American cities, Ukraine has struggled with maintaining necessary levels of population. Due to a troubled economy, 1 out of 7 Ukranians left the country to find work in a neighboring region. Due to this exodus, Ukraine was forced to raise the retirement age, making life more difficult for its inhabitants.
Although the retirement age is older, all Ukrainians have been provided free healthcare by the state, but many who can, choose to privatize their health insurance, as the quality of care is higher.
Most of the population speaks Ukranian, although Russian and Polish are both quite common throughout the country. The most practiced relgioun is Eastern Orthodoxy, which was reestablished in the 1990s once the Soviet Union collapsed and left the area.
Ukraine is known for it's nuclear power processing. Due to the fact that importing oil products are high, most people do not own cars or use taxis. Streetcars and subways are mostly used for travel in the major cities. Although there are many train tracks, the trains themselves need to be updated to be a more efficient mode of transportation. Major cities also have access to high speed internet, whereas in the more rural areas, internet is not so common.
Trucks, agricultural equipment and heavy machinery for processing are created and exported from Ukraine. Many jobs rely on this factory work and technology development. Light textiles and clothing are also major products of this area.
While under Soviet Union control, the Ukraine was forced into an unfair economic partnership with it's leader. This unfair trade agreement lead Ukraine into a deep recession and caused staggering inflation to the country's currency. Many had to resort to growing their own food and bartering personal possessions for basic necessities such as milk and bread. In 1996 the country finally gained back some stability. Although by this time, many citizens of working ages moved out of the country to find jobs and get higher wages.
Ukraine is known for it's major grain, potato, beet and fossil fuel exports. Crimea is home to some of the regions best vineyards.
Ukraine's independence from Russia occurred on August 24, 1991. Although a cheery celebration, this came with lots of unrest for the people of Ukraine. Dissolving parliaments, election fraud, unjust imprisonments and election tampering over the last decade has caused an extreme lack of faith in the unstable government.
Most recently, Prime Minister Viktor Yanokovich left office February 22, 2014 due to protests and violent demonstrations demanding he step down. Protests formed on both sides of Yanokovich for siding more closely with Russia in an EU vs Russia trade agreement. Yanokovich fled the country in February yet continues to claim leadership of Ukraine.
In his absence, an interim government was put into power. Oleksander Turchynov and Arsen Avakov have taken control of Ukraine for the time being.