Constitutional Project

Great Compromises

Who proposed it?

-Roger Sherman

What did it Create?

-Agreement made at the convention of 1787 that created a two house legislature with one house based on state and the other based on state equality.

What other plans did it combine?

-New Jersey, Virginia

What does bicameral mean?

-two  


3/5th Compromise

Defined it?

-Agreement made at the Convention of 1787 that slaves would count as 3/5 a person for the census to determine the population of each state.

Why did the southern state want this?

-So they can have more power

Slave Trade Compromise

What was it?

-Agreement at the convention of 1787 that congress would not tax exports and slave trading could banned in 20 years.

Why did the delates agree to these terms?

-To push it off cause they know that they would not agree

Bill Of Rights

Bill of Rights

-First 10 Amendments to the Constitution



1st Amendment

freedom

Speech

Press

Religion

Assembly

Petition

2nd

-Bare Arms

3rd

-No Force housing of soldiers

4th

-No illegal searches or seizures, Right to privacy

5th Amendment

-Due process

-Eminent Domain

-Grand Jury

-No double jeopardy

-Right to remain silent

6th Amendment

-Speedy public trail

-Right to a lawyer

Informed of Charges

-Question all witness

7th Amendment

-jury trail in all civil cases

8th Amendment

-No excessive balls and fines

-No cruel and unusual punishments

9th Amendment

-all rights not listed are still protected

10th Amendent

-All power not given to the National Gov't are reserved for the states

Constitution Parts:

Preamble

-An Introduction

-Gives the purposes and goals of government

Article 1

-Describes congress and its power

Article 2

Describes the Executive

Article 3

-Describes the Judicial Branch

Article 4

Describes the relationship of states to one another and the central government

Article 5

-Describes the amendment process

Article 6

-Describes the supremacy of the Constitution and the national government

Article 7

Describes the process of ratification of this Constitution

Constitutional Principles

Limited Government

-Belief that a government's powers should be limited

-the rule of law

-Protects against abusive government

-Majority rule is not always acceptable

Prevents abuse by factions(or groups that may dominate a political atmosphere)

-Constitution listed powers not given to the government and rights that are to be guaranteed.

Checks and Balances

-System designed to have the separate parts of the government watch over each other

-Executive Branch

-Legislative Branch

-Judicial Branch

Separation of Powers

-Philosophy that the best government is one where the functions of governing are divided between three branches.

-Keeps the individual parts from becoming abusive

-Executive: enforce laws

-Legislative: Make laws

-Judicial: judge laws

Power Sovereignty

-The rights of the people to rule themselves

-Direct democracy

-History of town meeting to practice self government

-Representative democracy(aka republic)

-Carried out through elections

-Elected representatives rule our behalf

-this is what the United States is

Federalism

-System of two or more government that operate together and share powers over citizens(Federal(aka national), state and local)

-Gives greater control to the government closest to the citizen

-Local-Closest

-State

-National(aka Federal)

Enumerated Powers(aka delegated,expressed, exclusive)

-These are the names given to powers that are to the Federal government by the Constitution

-These are the right to declare war,make peace, make treaties, naturalization and citizenship immigration, printing currency, regulate commerce, postal system

Concurrent Powers(aka shared powers)

-Powers that are shared by the different levels of government

-These are: making laws, enforcing laws, borrowing money, taxing providing for welfare and safety of citizens

Reserved Powers(aka power of the state government)

-These are the powers that are given to the state governments under the Federalism system(remember the 10th amendments to the Constitution)

-These are:State commerce, education, local government, control  voting, welfare and safety of citizens

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