Who proposed it?
What did it Create?
-Agreement made at the convention of 1787 that created a two house legislature with one house based on state and the other based on state equality.
What other plans did it combine?
-New Jersey, Virginia
What does bicameral mean?
-Agreement made at the Convention of 1787 that slaves would count as 3/5 a person for the census to determine the population of each state.
Why did the southern state want this?
-So they can have more power
Slave Trade Compromise
What was it?
-Agreement at the convention of 1787 that congress would not tax exports and slave trading could banned in 20 years.
Why did the delates agree to these terms?
-To push it off cause they know that they would not agree
Bill Of Rights
Bill of Rights
-First 10 Amendments to the Constitution
-No Force housing of soldiers
-No illegal searches or seizures, Right to privacy
-No double jeopardy
-Right to remain silent
-Speedy public trail
-Right to a lawyer
Informed of Charges
-Question all witness
-jury trail in all civil cases
-No excessive balls and fines
-No cruel and unusual punishments
-all rights not listed are still protected
-All power not given to the National Gov't are reserved for the states
-Gives the purposes and goals of government
-Describes congress and its power
Describes the Executive
-Describes the Judicial Branch
Describes the relationship of states to one another and the central government
-Describes the amendment process
-Describes the supremacy of the Constitution and the national government
Describes the process of ratification of this Constitution
-Belief that a government's powers should be limited
-the rule of law
-Protects against abusive government
-Majority rule is not always acceptable
Prevents abuse by factions(or groups that may dominate a political atmosphere)
-Constitution listed powers not given to the government and rights that are to be guaranteed.
Checks and Balances
-System designed to have the separate parts of the government watch over each other
Separation of Powers
-Philosophy that the best government is one where the functions of governing are divided between three branches.
-Keeps the individual parts from becoming abusive
-Executive: enforce laws
-Legislative: Make laws
-Judicial: judge laws
-The rights of the people to rule themselves
-History of town meeting to practice self government
-Representative democracy(aka republic)
-Carried out through elections
-Elected representatives rule our behalf
-this is what the United States is
-System of two or more government that operate together and share powers over citizens(Federal(aka national), state and local)
-Gives greater control to the government closest to the citizen
Enumerated Powers(aka delegated,expressed, exclusive)
-These are the names given to powers that are to the Federal government by the Constitution
-These are the right to declare war,make peace, make treaties, naturalization and citizenship immigration, printing currency, regulate commerce, postal system
Concurrent Powers(aka shared powers)
-Powers that are shared by the different levels of government
-These are: making laws, enforcing laws, borrowing money, taxing providing for welfare and safety of citizens
Reserved Powers(aka power of the state government)
-These are the powers that are given to the state governments under the Federalism system(remember the 10th amendments to the Constitution)
-These are:State commerce, education, local government, control voting, welfare and safety of citizens