BELIEF SYSTEMS

ANIMISM:

Location- Began in Africa.

worshiped spirits of nature (trees, animals, and etc.)

worshiped their ancestors.

they had great respect for nature.

living and non-living things have a spirit. respectful of he spirits of all things

SHINTOISM

Location: started in Japan.

Spirit of "Kami" exist in all things

Including their emperor (god like)

Have great respect for the natural world (especially their emperor - in the past)

HINDUISM

India and stayed in India.

Holy Text book was the Vedas.

Reincarnation- ones soul in reborn into another, form until perfection is researched

Try to lead a good life (as in their thoughts and behavior)

Brahman: the universal spirit, a complex concept- Hindus used hundreds of "gods" to help identify with all the roles of Brahman.

Reincarnation: belief the one's soul is reborn into another body or physical after the body dies.

Hopefully the soul will be reborn into a higher and higher states, until they reach- Brahman.

Karma: the total of ones deeds in a lifetime.

Good karma- soul rises, bad karma- not good!!

Dharma determines what ones karma will be.

Hinduism has a extremely strong affect on the culture of India.

Also driving force behind the traditional Caste System.

Buddhism

India (moved out of India) migrated to South East Asia and China, and then to Korea and Japan.

End your suffering by ending your desires

they learned to accept what life brings to them

Started by a local Indian prince about 500 BC.

To end your desires, you just have to follow the "Eightfold Path"

Following the Eightfold Path, essentially using good behaviors and judgment, helps create a very peaceful and well-behaved culture.

taoism

Started in China

Tao Te Ching

Follow the way of nature(accept the things you cannot change)

They don't challenge the natural process

They accept things as they come

Began by a man named Lao-Tse

Tao means "the way"- as in the way of nature

Yin means "earth, dark"

Yang means "heaven, light"

Taoists tend top not associate themselves with the activities of politics or other social stresses.

confucianism

Started in China

Analects

All people need to accept their role in society.

Great deal of respect for parents, elders and country (filial piety)

began by a man named Lao-Tse

The basic tenants of Confucianism became the guiding philosophy of the Chinese culture for many generations.

Father-son

Older brother-younger brother

Husband-wife

Ruler-subjects

Friends-friends

judaism

Started in the Middle East

Started by the Hebrew people of the ancient Fertile crescent area

(1st five books of the old testament)

One god-Monotheism

God will send a Messiah (savior) the them someday

Try to follow gods laws(10 commandments) so the Messiah will come.

Kicked out of "Palestine" by the Romans

Removed from Palestine during the Diaspora-the scattering of the Jewish people during the 1st century A.D.

Most jews went to through cities Europe where they lived in ghettos, there was much percation and opperation

CHRISTIANITY

Started in the Middle East

Bible(old/new testament)

One God-Monotheism

That Jesus Christ is the son of god and that he is the messiah

Simple rules won many converts to Christianity

Missionaries(disciples) spread Jesus's word after his death.

ROMAN EMPIRE:

Persecuted the Christians

They slowly accepted Christian ideas

Eventually became the official religion

The Romans spread Christianity throughout the empire

ISLAM

Started in the Middle East

Qur-an(Koran)

One god-Monotheism

Follow Allah in all things above everything else, Mohammed is the Messiah who spread

The religious laws of Islam arre3 so important that they often became the political laws of the nation.

Out of Mecca, east to India, west across North Africa and on into Spain

Spread Islam by military conquest

Arabs(Muslims-followers of Islam) were also great traders

Recite

Pray

Charity

Fast

Pilgrimage

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