What is it? Recreational activities which involve travel individually or in groups to explore the marine environment and/or the coastal area. Although very fun and relaxing there are consequences along with it.
Examples: Fishing, Cruise ships, Eco-tourism, underwater diving, etc.
Where is it occurring? All around the world.
When did this happen or start happening? Ocean Tourism has been happening ever since man has been able to travel. Mostly became recreational in the 19th and 20th Century.
Who is involved? The government is involved in the budget aspects of ocean tourism. Also every person who participates in these recreational activities.
Why is this an issue? Ocean tourism is becoming an issue because of pollution, over-fishing, ocean acidification, destruction of coral reefs and the Great Barrier Reef, loss of aquatic species and their habitats,climate change, waste and many other issues.
Pros: Socially tourism encourages traditional customs, meeting and see new people create a better cultural understanding and can also help raise global awareness of issues. Also can help bring families together by having vacation bonding time. Environmentally ocean tourism, nature and Eco-tourism helps promote conservation of wildlife and natural resources. Also helps funding for animal preserves and marine parks. Creates sources of employment, tourism reduces problems such as over-fishing. Economically ocean tourism creates jobs, such as retail and transportation. Also foreign exchange earnings. Overall a great relaxation for humans.
Cons:Socially visitor behavior can have a effect on the quality of life of the host community. Interaction with tourists can also lead to an erosion of traditional cultures and values. Environmentally ocean tourism poses a threat to a natural and cultural resources, such as water supply, beaches, coral reefs because of overuse. It also causes increased pollution through littering, and sewage production. Economically the cost of this usually is on the government, so it has to come out of tax revenues. Jobs created by tourism are sometimes seasonal and poorly paid depending on the job. Places dependent on tourism can be affected by natural disasters and economic recession. Overall very destructive of the habitats and marine life in the ocean.
Solutions? Creating Programs such as the World Ocean Council which is to help maintain and protect areas of the ocean from pollution and other issues. Also creating laws which help restrict and limit the fishing. Recycling is also being enforced or encouraged. Spreading the word to people and letting them know what their doing to really harming the ocean and life in it.
Sources:What the Great Barrier Reef looks like. Web. 1 Jan. <http://mashable.com/2014/06/19/great-barrier-reef-cyclone/>.
Federal effort on acidification should focus on human impacts. Web. 1 Jan. <http://www.dailyclimate.org/tdc-newsroom/2013/01/ocean-acidification-report>.
Overfishing. Web. 1 Jan. <http://www.worldwildlife.org/threats/overfishing>.