Wetlands, Dandelions, and Chameleons! Oh my!
By: Isaiah Williams
Starting with wetlands, their locations are all over the world and the area they cover around the world is 33% larger than the area of the U.S.A. Most of the area is covered by ground water seeping up from an aquifer or spring and they are transition zones. The plants that grow in the wetland are called hydrophytes/hydrophytic vegetation that's used delineate wetland areas. The animals that live in these wetlands expand from Invertebrates, Amphibians, Reptiles and Mammals; such as mosquitoes, dragonflies, frogs, water-snakes and muskrats. Its soil is Hydric: saturation long enough to develop anaerobic conditions, Mineral: less than 20- 35%OM, and Organic: saprists, fibrists, hemists and folists. There are three important factors of wetland; Moisture, Oxygen and Temperature. These are needed to support the biome's decomposers or the biome will be covered in trash.
Dandelions are very unique flowers to everyone. Most people recognize them as the white puffballs that you blow into and its seeds spread around. But did you know that when dandelions start their life cycle they are actually yellow? These yellow dandelions adapt to their environment with their thin leaves to lose only little water. Their tap root is also very large and long so it can extract all of its water. They become the white specks that we see later in the Spring and produces by spreading its seeds in the air; spreading them all over the area. This is why they fall apart so easily when we blow into them. They're most likely found in grass when it's sunny and are eaten by deers and rabbits. Dandelions also treat illnesses; such as viral infections, loss of appetite, upset stomach, intestinal gas, gallstones, joint pain, muscle aches, eczema and bruises. It's also increases urine production and bowel movements. It can also be used as skin toner, blood and digestive tonic and can treat cancer as well.
Chameleons are fascinating creatures found mostly in tropical climates in Africa, the Middle East and islands in the Indian Ocean. They are more active during the day and can grow from 15 millimeters to 68 centimeters. You may think that the first thing about chameleons that you know is that they change their color to blend into the background. Actually, the reason these reptiles change color is to help their bodies adapt to the heat of their environment. The only reason they blend into the background is when they climb in the trees to hide from predators and hunt for prey; such as cockroaches, crickets, grasshoppers, stick insects and spiders. They hide in trees to protect them from predators such as snakes and birds.