By: Caleigh Ploch and Kaela Sykes
Wildlife conservation has been around for a very long time. It is Mentioned in the Bible. Hunting was established in the 13th century by Kublai Khan.
Wildlife conservation has been involved in science, and the goal is to use resources wisely.
We protect the resource by outlawing hunting for that endangered species.
Lessons in Wildlife Management
Wildlife management is the science and practice of maintaining wildlife populations and their habitat.
Wildlife managers have learned that there is more to conservation than just protecting wildlife.
The North American Model of Wildlife Conservation
For the first two decades of the 20th century, sportsmen from the United States and Canada developed a set of rules. They were called the North American Model of Wildlife Conservation. There are seven principles:
1.) Wildlife is public property. The government holds wildlife in trust for the benefit of all people.
2.) Wildlife cannot be slaughtered for commercial use. The policy eliminates trafficking in dead game animals.
3.) Wildlife is allocated by law. Every citizen in good standing --- regardless of wealth, social standing, or land ownership ---is allowed to participate in the harvest of fish and wildlife within guidelines set by lawmakers.
4.) Wildlife shall be taken by legal and ethical means, in the spirit of "fair chase" and with good cause. Animals can be killed only for legitimate purposes --- for food and fur, in self-defense, or for protection of property.
5.)Wildlife is an international resource. As such, hunting and fishing shall be managed cooperatively across state and province boundaries.
6.)Wildlife management, use, and conservation shall be based on sound scientific knowledge and principles.
7.) Hunting, fishing, and trapping shall be democratic. This gives all persons--- rich and poor alike---the opportunity to participate.
Food, water, cover, space, and arrangement will help the environment when urbanization comes in effect.
Carrying capacity is the number of animals the habitat can support all year long.
Factors that limit the potential production of wildlife include:
The Hunter's Role in Wildlife Conservation
Hunter's help regulate the population of animals, but regular hunting never caused populations to become endangered.
Wildlife Management and Conservation Principles
The wildlife manager's job is to maintain the number of animals in a habitat at below the habitat's carrying capacity so that no damage is done to the animals or to their habitat.