Schizophrenia

By: Alec Miller p.3

History

Schizophrenia is believed to have generally accompanied mankind throughout its history. Schizophrenia was first diagnosed as a mental illness by Dr. Emile Kraepelin in the year 1887. Written documents of schizophrenia were traced to the old age of Pharaonic Egypt, which is before the second millennium. The word "skhizein" means to split and the word "phren" means mind. The definition word,"Schizophrenia," is more than a hundred years old. There is no explanation of how schizophrenia was discovered, but it is studied throughout ancient Greece and Rome when many of the population were having symptoms and signs of schizophrenia with mental behavior, deformities, and mental retardation.

Causes

Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that affects how people think feel and perceive the world. It can cause infections in the central nervous system. There is also a theory of a rise in dopamine in the central nervous system for people with schizophrenia.White matter decrements in the frontal lobe and gray matter reductions in the temporal lobe appear in an experiment on patients who have schizophrenia, which is what affects the PNS. Mental health experts have yet to discover what causes schizophrenia, but most believe that it's due to genes which is genetics. Schizophrenia usually begins in teen years and in early adulthood, but for children, the age is five. Childhood schizophrenia is very rare and is hard to tell a difference weather it's schizophrenia or autism. People with schizophrenia tend to have a two-fold to three-fold higher mortality rates than the general population. The schizophrenia population have from ten to twenty-five years taken off their life expectancy.

Symptoms

Symptoms of schizophrenia usually develop slowly within months or years. Some people with schizophrenia may have trouble with anxiety, depression, and suicidal thoughts or other behaviors leading to suicide. People with schizophrenia tend to have bizarre behaviors. Some have reduced emotion within them. Physical problems include: trouble sleeping, not having good social skills, and seeing things that are not there. Cognitive issues include: poor executive functioning, unable to sustain attention, and problems with the working memory. People with schizophrenia show to have trouble with making friends and doing work.

Treatment

There is no cure for schizophrenia, which means it's a life-long illness. There may not be a cure for schizophrenia, but there are two major types of treatment that can help for the symptoms which is medication and psychosocial treatments. Most use antipsychotic medications depending on each person and how they interact with the drug. Some medication can also cause side effects like: blurred vision, drowsiness, faster heart rate, skin rashes, and stiffness of the body. Psychosocial treatments help patients deal with their illness from day to day. The treatment includes: rehabilitation, self-help groups, therapy, and family education. The overall outlook from people suffering with schizophrenia is improving with doctors finally understanding the molecular and neuronal formation of the illness.

Future of the Disorder

The future for the population with schizophrenia is looking hopeful and is improving today. The antipsychoti drugs are undergoing investigation and many scientists and mental health experts are starting to understand what schizophrenia is. Some are starting to get a hold of the molecular and neuronal understanding of the brain and the affect of schizophrenia. It's basically the sooner you discover if you schizophrenia, then the better to be treated and recover faster in the ongoing hopeful future of people suffering from schizophrenia.

References

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